Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2011, Article ID 609517, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/609517
Research Article

Alimentation Impact of Treatments of 254 Oropharyngeal Cancers (1998–2003)

Service d'ORL, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Croix Rousse, 103 Grande-Rue de la Croix Rousse, 69317 Lyon Cedex 04, France

Received 14 February 2011; Accepted 30 March 2011

Academic Editor: D. E. Ziogas

Copyright © 2011 Guillaume Buiret et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To analyze the functional impact of the various possible treatments of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas to find the main prognostic factors of dysphagia induced by these treatments. Patients. Clinical data from 254 patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx between 1998 and 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. A multivariate model enabled us to evaluate the role of each potentially harmful factor on swallowing. Main Outcome Measures. The significant factors influencing the consumption of liquid, pasty, and normal food were the same: the initial T stage and the type of treatment. Conclusion. Whatever the possible and selected treatment was, the impact on the functional capacities, and thus, the quality of life of the patients was considerable. Even though we could not significantly demonstrate exclusive radiotherapy caused more long-term undesirable effects than surgery followed by radiotherapy, our daily practice has shown that we should favour the latter.