Table of Contents
ISRN Hematology
Volume 2011, Article ID 736062, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/736062
Research Article

Hematological Reference Values for Healthy Adults in Togo

1Hematology Laboratory, Campus Teaching Hospital, University of Lome, 03 bp 30284 Lome-Togo, Togo
2Hematology Laboratory, Henri Mondor Hospital, 94000 Creteil, France
3Hematology Laboratory, Tokoin Teaching Hospital, Lome, 01 bp57 Lome-Togo, Togo

Received 24 August 2010; Accepted 8 September 2010

Academic Editors: A. G. Tsai, J. L. Vives-Corrons, and B. Wachowicz

Copyright © 2011 Irenee Messanh Kueviakoe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The hematological reference values are very important for diagnostic orientation and treatment decision. The aim of this study was to establish hematological reference values for healthy adults in Togo. A total of 2571 voluntary blood donors participated to this study. Only 1349 subjects negative for HIV, HBV, HCV, malaria, and without hemoglobin abnormalities in electrophoresis and hypochromia on blood smear, were definitively retained for the study. Median hemoglobin level was higher in males than females (15.1 g/dL versus 13.0 g/dL, 𝑝 = 0 . 0 0 0 ). Median total WBC ( 4 . 2 Γ— 1 0 9 /L) and absolute neutrophil counts ( 1 . 6 Γ— 1 0 9 /L) were similar by gender. The median lymphocyte counts in males and females were, respectively, 2 . 1 Γ— 1 0 9 /L and 2 . 2 Γ— 1 0 9 /L ( 𝑝 = 0 . 1 1 ). The median platelet count was lower in males than females ( 2 3 6 Γ— 1 0 9 /L versus 2 4 7 Γ— 1 0 9 /L, 𝑝 = 0 . 0 0 4 ). Our median values for RBC parameters differ from those of African countries probably because of our inclusion criteria which eliminate most cases with iron deficiency and/or thalassemia.