Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2011, Article ID 780745, 5 pages
Clinical Study

Multimodal Behavior Program for ADHD Incorporating Yoga and Implemented by High School Volunteers: A Pilot Study

1Columbia College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
2Department of Chemistry, New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL 34243, USA
3Trinity College of Arts and Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
4UCL Medical School, University College London, London WC1 E6BT, UK
5Harsh Vardhan Memorial Charitable Trust, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi, India
6MDKV Inter College, Uttar Pradesh, Najibabad 246763, India
7Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children, Orlando, FL 32806, USA

Received 31 May 2011; Accepted 21 June 2011

Academic Editors: M. Adhikari and B. Vasarhelyi

Copyright © 2011 Sanjiv Mehta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A low-cost resource approach to ADHD therapy would be a practical approach to treating children in developing countries. Research has shown that ADHD is prevalent in all areas of the world, and yet treatment for children in more impoverished countries is still lacking. The approach taken was to combine yoga and meditation combined with multimodal behavioral therapy program for children ageing 6 to 11. The program was kept low cost by using trained high school volunteers and integrating the program within the public school. After 6 weeks of the program, 90.5% of children showed improvement as measured by their performance impairment score, a measurement of academic performance. Parent and Teacher evaluations of behavior also found improvement as 25 of the 64 children (39.1%) improved into the normal range as measured by the Vanderbilt questionnaire. Moreover, children could successfully learn both yoga and meditation from high school students irrespective of their age, ADHD type, or initial performance impairment. The results demonstrate efficacy of a multimodal behavioral program incorporating yoga and meditation. The use of high school volunteers from schools in the area demonstrates an effective low-cost and universally applicable approach.