Table of Contents
ISRN Renewable Energy
Volume 2011, Article ID 785380, 11 pages
Research Article

Human Machine and Thermoelectric Energy Scavenging for Wearable Devices

Smart Systems and Energy Technology Unit, Imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven, Belgium

Received 23 August 2011; Accepted 21 September 2011

Academic Editors: S. Cook and F. E. Little

Copyright © 2011 Vladimir Leonov. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Bonfiglio and D. De Rossi, Eds., Wearable Monitoring Systems, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  2. D. Rowe, Ed., CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics, CRC Press, New York, NY, USA, 1994.
  3. V. Leonov and R. J. M. Vullers, “Wearable electronics self-powered by using human body heat: the state of the art and the perspective,” Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 1, no. 6, Article ID 062701, 14 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. E. A. Aydin and I. Guler, “Recent advances on body-heat powered medical devices,” Recent Patents on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 33–37, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. V. Leonov, Y. van Andel, Z. Wang, R. J. M. Vullers, and C. Van Hoof, “Micromachined polycrystalline Si thermopiles in a T-shirt,” Sensors & Transducers Journal, vol. 127, no. 4, pp. 15–26, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. A. Harris and F. G. Benedict, “A biometric study of human basal metabolism,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 370–373, 1918. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. D. Mifflin, S. T. St. Jeor, L. A. Hill, B. J. Scott, S. A. Daugherty, and Y. O. Koh, “A new predictive equation for resting energy expenditure in healthy individuals,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 241–247, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. D. Hardy, A. P. Gagge, and J. A. J. Stolwijk, Eds., Physiological and Behavioral Temperature Regulation, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill, USA, 1970.
  9. S. Itoh, K. Ogata, and H. Yoshimura, Advances in Climatic Physiology, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1972.
  10. J. Monteith and L. Mount, Eds., Heat Loss from Animals and Man, Butterworths, London, UK, 1974.
  11. V. Leonov, P. Fiorini, and R. J. M. Vullers, “Theory and simulation of a thermally matched micromachined thermopile in a wearable energy harvester,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 579–584, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Torfs, V. Leonov, and R. J. M. Vullers, “Pulse oximeter fully powered by human body heat,” Sensors & Transducers Journal, vol. 80, no. 6, pp. 1230–1238, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  13. V. Leonov, Z. Wang, R. Pellens, C. Gui, R. Vullers, and J. Su, “Simulations of a non-planar lithography and of performance characteristics of arcade microthermopiles for energy scavenging,” in Proceeding of the 5th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (IECEC '07), St. Louis, Mo, USA, June 2007.
  14. M. Van Bavel, V. Leonov, R. F. Yazicioglu et al., “Wearable battery-free wireless 2-channel EEG systems powered by energy scavengers,” Sensors & Transducers Journal, vol. 94, no. 7, pp. 103–115, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  15. E. J. Carlson, K. Strunz, and B. P. Otis, “A 20 mV input boost converter with efficient digital control for thermoelectric energy harvesting,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 741–750, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. V. Leonov, T. Torfs, C. Van Hoof, and R. J. M. Vullers, “Smart wireless sensors integrated in clothing: an electrocardiography system in a shirt powered using human body heat,” Sensors & Transducers Journal, vol. 107, no. 8, pp. 165–176, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  17. V. Leonov, “Simulation of maximum power in the wearable thermoelectric generator with a small thermopile,” Microsystem Technologies, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 495–504, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. J. Xie, C. Lee, and H. Feng, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of CMOS MEMS-Based thermoelectric power generators,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 317–324, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus