Table of Contents
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 806549, 24 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/806549
Research Article

Kinematical Conformal Cosmology: Fundamental Parameters from Astrophysical Observations

Department of Physics, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA

Received 9 April 2011; Accepted 10 May 2011

Academic Editors: A. Balbi and S. Ettori

Copyright © 2011 Gabriele U. Varieschi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We continue the presentation of an alternative cosmology based on conformal gravity, following our kinematical approach to the subject introduced in a recent paper. In line with the assumptions of our model, which proposes a closed-form expression for the cosmic scale factor 𝑅 ( 𝑑 ) , we revise the Hubble and deceleration parameters and introduce modified cosmological distances, analyzing in particular the case of the luminosity distance. Our kinematical conformal cosmology is then able to explain the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer spacecraft, as due to a local region of gravitational blueshift. From the reported data of the Pioneer anomaly, we also compute the current value of our first fundamental parameter, 𝛾 0 = 1 . 9 4 Γ— 1 0 βˆ’ 2 8 c m βˆ’ 1 , in line with the original estimate by P. Mannheim of this quantity. Our second fundamental parameter, 𝛿 0 = 3 . 8 3 Γ— 1 0 βˆ’ 5 , interpreted as the current value of a cosmological time variable, is derived from a detailed fitting of type Ia supernovae “gold-silver” data, producing Hubble plots of the same quality of those obtained by standard cosmology, but without requiring any dark matter or dark energy contribution. If further experiments will confirm the presence of an anomalous frequency blueshift in the outer region of the solar system, as described by our model, kinematical conformal cosmology might become a viable alternative to standard cosmological theories.