Table of Contents
ISRN Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 872693, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/872693
Research Article

High-Speed Study of Drop-Weight Impact Ignition of PBX 9501 Using Infrared Thermography

1Mechanical Engineering, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX 79016, USA
2Applied Technology Division, B&W Pantex Plant, Amarillo, TX 79119, USA

Received 11 January 2011; Accepted 10 February 2011

Academic Editor: A. Tounsi

Copyright © 2011 Emily M. Hunt et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. J. Gifford, W. G. Proud, and J. E. Field, “Development of a method for quantification of hot-spots,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 384, no. 1-2, pp. 285–290, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. F. P. Bowden, M. A. Stone, and G. K. Tudor, “Hot spots on rubbing surfaces and the detonation of explosives by friction,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, vol. 188, pp. 329–349, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  3. F. P. Bowden and O. A. Gurton, “Birth and growth of the explosion in solids initiated by impact,” Nature, vol. 161, no. 4088, p. 348, 1948. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. P. Bowden, “Hot spots and the initiation of explosion,” Symposium on Combustion and Flame, and Explosion Phenomena, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 551–560, 1949. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. F. P. Bowden and O. A. Gurton, “Birth and growth of explosion in liquids and solids initiated by impact and friction,” Proceedings of the Royal Society London A, vol. 198, pp. 350–372, 1949. View at Google Scholar
  6. F. P. Bowden and O. A. Gurton, “Initiation of solid explosives by impact and friction: the influence of grit,” Proceedings of the Royal Society London A, vol. 198, pp. 337–349, 1949. View at Google Scholar
  7. F. P. Bowden and A. D. Yoffe, Initiation and Growth of Explosion in Liquids and Solids, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1952.
  8. J. E. Field, G. M. Swallowe, and S. N. Heavens, “Ignition mechanisms of explosives during mechanical deformation,” Proceedings of The Royal Society of London. Series A, vol. 382, no. 1782, pp. 231–244, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. E. Field, “Hot spot ignition mechanisms for explosives,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 489–496, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. E. Field, N. K. Bourne, S. J. P. Palmer, and S. M. Walley, “Hot-spot ignition mechanisms for explosives and propellants,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London A, vol. 339, pp. 269–283, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. H. B. Bouma, D. Meuken, R. Verbeek, M. M. Pacheco, and L. Katgerman, “Shear initiation of Al/MoO-based reactive materials,” Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 447–453, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Walley, J. E. Field, and S. J. P. Palmer, “Impact sensitivity of propellants,” Proceedings of the Royal Society London A, vol. 438, pp. 571–583, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. M. Walley, J. E. Balzer, W. G. Proud, and J. E. Field, “Response of thermites to dynamic high pressure and shear,” Proceedings of the Royal Society A, vol. 456, no. 1998, pp. 1483–1503, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. M. Walley, J. E. Field, and M. W. Greenaway, “Crystal sensitivities of energetic materials,” Materials Science and Technology, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 402–413, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. E. Balzer, J. E. Field, M. J. Gifford, W. G. Proud, and S. M. Walley, “High-speed photographic study of the drop-weight impact response of ultrafine and conventional PETN and RDX,” Combustion and Flame, vol. 130, no. 4, pp. 298–306, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. H. L. Berghout, S. F. Son, C. B. Skidmore, D. J. Idar, and B. W. Asay, “Combustion of damaged PBX 9501 explosive,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 384, no. 1-2, pp. 261–277, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. E. Field, S. M. Walley, W. G. Proud, H. T. Goldrein, and C. R. Siviour, “Review of experimental techniques for high rate deformation and shock studies,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 725–775, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. F. P. Bowden, “The development of combustion and explosion in liquids and solids,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 161–172, 1953. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. B. F. Henson, B. W. Asay, R. K. Sander, S. F. Son, J. M. Robinson, and P. M. Dickson, “Dynamic measurement of the HMX β-δ phase transition by second harmonic generation,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 1213–1216, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. E. Balzer, W. G. Proud, S. M. Walley, and J. E. Field, “High-speed photographic study of the drop-weight impact response of RDX/ DOS mixtures,” Combustion and Flame, vol. 135, no. 4, pp. 547–555, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. V. K. Mohan and J. E. Field, “Impact initiation of hexanitrostilbene,” Combustion and Flame, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 269–277, 1984. View at Google Scholar