Table of Contents
ISRN Ecology
Volume 2011, Article ID 890850, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/890850
Review Article

Mycorrhizal Interactions for Reforestation: Constraints to Dryland Agroforest in Brazil

1Biology Department, Federal University of Ceará, Campus Pici, Block 902, 60455760 Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
2Instituto Spegazzini, Facultad Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, CICPBA, Avenida 53 No. 477, B1900AVJ La Plata, Argentina

Received 17 January 2011; Accepted 8 March 2011

Academic Editors: N. Schtickzelle and M. van Noordwijk

Copyright © 2011 Marcela C. Pagano and Marta N. Cabello. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Reforestation provides restoration of forest ecosystem services including improved soil fertility, which leads to increased productivity and/or sustainability of the system. Trees also increase the average carbon stocks providing wood supply for local communities; however, C sequestration strategies highlight tree plantations without considering their full environmental consequences, such as losses in stream flow. The productivity of a site is a consequence of their physical, chemical, and biological properties, resulting in natural fertile soils or adequate managed soils for improved quality. Thus, it is required to know the variations in the properties of land-use systems for adoptability of agroforestry innovations. The choice of agroforestry tree species (highly mycorrhizal dependent plants should be selected) would have great implications for the manipulation of arbuscular mycorrhizas's species. In dry forest, the inevitable consequence of cutting has been the loss of vegetation cover and insufficient scientific information on the capacity to optimize forest recuperation affects agroforestry adoption. To study the biological properties of soils is now of interest; therefore, this paper reviews the literature that has hitherto been published on mycorrhizal interactions for reforestation and points out the use of mycorrhizal technology as one of the alternatives to improve forest products and environmental quality.