Table 1: Inclusion and exclusion criteria applied to the literature research (own illustration).

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria

Population(i) Oncological patients older than 18 years of age(i) Oncological patients younger than 18 years of age
(ii) Advanced disease stage (terminal phase)(ii) Oncological patients also suffering from a psychosis

Intervention(i) Massage therapy(i) Acupuncture and acupressure
(ii) Full-body massage(ii) Reflexology
(iii) Partial massage
(iv) Hand massage
(iii) Aroma therapy massage
(iv) Lymphatic drainage and all other forms of complementary medicine therapies

Outcome(i) Pain(i) All other disease symptoms and result parameters
(ii) Anxiety
(iii) Depression

Setting(i) Palliative care in hospice facilities, at home or in an oncological centre(i) Acute and intensive care unit
(ii) Patients not receiving palliative care

Year of publication(i) From 2000 to 2010(i) Before the year 2000

Language(i) English(i) All other languages
(ii) German
(iii) Italian

Key words. Advanced cancer, terminal neoplasms, end-of-life, terminal disease, massage, massage therapy, Swedish massage, hand massage, palliative care, hospice care, end of life care, pain, anxiety, depression, mood.