Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 946041, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/946041
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice among Women and Doctors Concerning the Use of Folic Acid

1Department of Family Medicine, Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of the Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
2Clalit Health Services, Southern District The Negev Mall, Eli Choen Junction, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
3The Israel Ministry of Health, Southern Region, Hatikva 4 St, P.O. Box 10050, Government Campus, Beer- Sheva 84170, Israel

Received 30 August 2010; Accepted 26 September 2010

Academic Editors: E. Cosmi, A. Malek, and J. L. Neyro

Copyright © 2011 Eithan Auriel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objective. Daily folic acid intake, prior to conception and in early pregnancy, significantly reduces neural tube defects (NTDs). We compared folic acid consumption among Jewish and Bedouin women and the recommendations of family physicians and gynecologists. Methods. We compared 64 Muslim Bedouin women and 65 Jewish women. We also compared 39 gynecologists and 60 family physicians. Results. Fifty-one Jewish women (78.5%) took folic acid during pregnancy, but only seven (10.8%) before conception. Sixty Bedouin women (93.75%) took folic acid during pregnancy, but only four (6.25%) before conception ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ). Five Jewish women (7.7%) and two Bedouin women (3.1%) took folic acid three months before conception. Thirty-three gynecologists (87%) recommend preconception folic acid compared with thirty-six family physicians (60%) ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ). Conclusions. The majority of women use folic acid during pregnancy, but only few do so to prevent NTDs. There is a significant difference between doctors' recommendations and actual practice.