Table of Contents
ISRN Toxicology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 954626, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/954626
Review Article

Analysis of Ammonia Toxicity in Landfill Leachates

1Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo National College of Technology, 1220-2 Kunugida-Machi, Hachioji, Tokyo 193-0997, Japan
2Research Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Onogawa 16-2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan

Received 23 May 2011; Accepted 6 July 2011

Academic Editor: A. H. Milton

Copyright © 2011 Takuya Osada et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Clément and G. Merlin, “The contribution of ammonia and alkalinity to landfill leachate toxicity to duckweed,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 170, no. 1-2, pp. 71–79, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. USEPA, “Methods for aquatic toxicity identification evaluations, phase I: toxicity characterization procedures,” EPA/600/6-91-003, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  3. P. G. C. Campbell, “Interactions between trace metals and aquatic organisms: a critique of the free-ion activity model,” in Metal Speciation and Bioavailabibility in Aquatic Systems, A. Tessier and D. R. Turner, Eds., pp. 44–102, Wiley, Chichester, UK, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. C. Karel, D. E. Schamphelaere, and C. R. Jansenn, “Effects of dissolve organic carbon concentration and source, pH, and water hardness on chronic toxicity of copper to Daphnia magna,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1115–1122, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. S. Seefeldt, J. E. Jenson, and E. P. Fuerst, “Log-logistic analysis of herbicide dose response relationships,” Weed Technology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 218–225, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Svenson and L. Zhang, “Acute aquatic toxicity of protolyzing substances studied as the microtox effect,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 283–288, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Shoji, Y. Sakai, A. Sakoda et al., “Bioassay-based investigation of toxicity-controlling chemicals in waste landfill leachate,” Journal of Japan on Water Environmental, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 643–648, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Stronkhorst, M. E. Schot, M. C. Dubbeldam, and K. T. Ho, “A toxicity identification evaluation of silty marine harbor sediments to characterize persistent and non-persistent constituents,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 56–64, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Shoji, A. Sakoda, Y. Sakai, H. Utsumi, and M. Suzuki, “Quantitative description of mixture toxicity of chemicals and environmental waters detected bioassay,” Journal of Japan on Water Environmental, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 487–494, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  10. T. Källqvista and A. Svenson, “Assessment of ammonia toxicity in tests with the microalga, Nephroselmis pyriformis, Chlorophyta,” Water Research, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 477–484, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. U. Borgmann and A. I. Borgmann, “Control of ammonia toxicity to Hyalella azteca by sodium, potassium and pH,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 325–331, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. D. J. Randall and T. K. N. Tsui, “Ammonia toxicity in fish,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 45, no. 1–12, pp. 17–23, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. N. Romano and C. Zeng, “Acute toxicity of ammonia and its effects on the haemolymph osmolality, ammonia-N, pH and ionic composition of early juvenile mud crabs, Scylla serrata (Forskål),” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, vol. 148, no. 2, pp. 278–285, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  14. H. C. Alexander, D. C. Dill, L. W. Smith, P. D. Guiney, and P. B. Dorn, “Bisphenol A: acute aquatic toxicity,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 19–26, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Shoji, S. Mohri, Y. Sakai, and M. Yamada, “Ecotoxicity assessment of sludge and leaching test eluates of sludge,” Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1–6, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. B. F. Dowden and H. J. Bennett, “Toxicity of selected chemicals to certain animals,” Water Pollution Control Federation, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 1308–1316, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  17. R. B. Naddy, W. A. Stubblefield, J. R. May, S. A. Tucker, and J. R. Hockett, “The effect of calcium and magnesium ratios on the toxicity of copper to five aquatic species in freshwater,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 347–352, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  18. G. A. Chapman, S. Ota, and F. Recht, “Effects of water hardness on the toxicity of metals to Daphnia magna,” Tech. Rep., U.S. EPA, Corvallis, Ore, USA, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Erten-Unal, B. G. Wixson, N. Gale, and J. L. Pitt, “Evaluation of toxicity, bioavailability and speciation of lead, zinc and cadmium in mine/mill wastewaters,” Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 37–46, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  20. F. M. Gersich and D. L. Hopkins, “Site-specific acute and chronic toxicity of ammonia to Daphnia magna straus,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 443–447, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  21. D. I. Mount and T. J. Norberg, “Seven-day life-cycle cladoceran toxicity test,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 831–840, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  22. C. J. Hathaway and H. G. Stefan, “Model of Daphnia populations for wastewater stabilization ponds,” Water Research, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 195–208, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar