Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 102543, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/102543
Research Article

Gold-Nanoparticle Decorated Graphene-Nanostructured Polyaniline Nanocomposite-Based Bienzymatic Platform for Cholesterol Sensing

1Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Noida 201303, India
2Amity Institute of Nanotechnology, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Noida 201303, India
3Biomedical Instrumentation Section, Department of Science & Technology Centre on Biomolecular Electronics, National Physical Laboratory, Dr K. S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India

Received 9 April 2012; Accepted 29 May 2012

Academic Editors: J. Sha and Y. Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Deepshikha Saini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A novel nanobiocomposite bienzymatic amperometric cholesterol biosensor, coupled with cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP), was developed based on the gold-nanoparticle decorated graphene-nanostructured polyaniline nanocomposite (NSPANI-AuNP-GR) film which was electrochemically deposited onto indium-tin-oxide (ITO) electrode from the nanocomposite (NSPANI-AuNP-GR) dispersion, as synthesized by in situ polymerization technique. The gold nanoparticle-decorated graphene-nanostructured polyaniline nanocomposite (NSPANI-AuNP-GR) offers an efficient electron transfer between underlining electrode and enzyme active center. The bienzymatic nanocomposite bioelectrodes ChOx-HRP/NSPANI-AuNP-GR/ITO have exhibited higher sensitivity, linearity, and lower value than monoenzymatic bioelectrode (ChOx/NSPANI-AuNP-GR/ITO). It is inferred that bienzyme-based nanobioelectrodes offer wider linearity (35 to 500 mg/dL), higher sensitivity (0.42 μAmM−1), low km value of 0.01 mM and higher accuracy for testing of blood serum samples than monoenzyme system. Mechanism of the overall biochemical reaction has been proposed to illustrate the enhanced biosensing performance of the bienzyme system. The novelty of the electrode lies on reusability, extended shelf life, and accuracy of testing blood serum samples.