Table of Contents
ISRN Zoology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 120250, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/120250
Research Article

Amount of Plant Foods Eaten and Sexual Differences in Feeding among Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) of Kanyawara Community

Department of Biological Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

Received 20 April 2012; Accepted 10 June 2012

Academic Editors: S. P. Henzi, S. P. Lambeth, D. Park, and A. Ramirez-Bautista

Copyright © 2012 Moses Chemurot et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Whiten and E. M. Widdowson, Foraging Strategies and Natural Diet of Monkeys, Apes and Humans, Oxford Science Publications, New York, NY, USA, 1992.
  2. R. W. Wrangham, C. A. Chapman, A. P. Clark-Acardi, and G. Isabirye-Basuta, “Socioal ecology of Kanyawara chimpanzees: implications for understanding the costs of great ape groups,” in Great Apes Societies, T. Nishida, Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  3. C. A. Chapman, R. W. Wrangham, and L. J. Chapman, “Ecological constraints on group size: an analysis of spider monkey and chimpanzee subgroups,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 59–70, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. W. Wrangham, N. L. Conklin-Brittain, and K. D. Hunt, “Dietary response of chimpanzees and cercopithecines to seasonal variation in fruit abundance. I. Antifeedants,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 949–970, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. C. Ghighilieri, The Chimpanzees of Kibale Forest. A Field Study of Ecology and Social Structure, Columbia University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1984.
  6. T. Kano, The Last Ape. Pygmy Chimpanzee Behavior and Ecology, Stanford University Press, 1986.
  7. G. Isabirye-Basuta, “Feeding ecology of chimpanzees in the Kibale Forest, Uganda,” in Understanding Chimpanzees, P. Heltne and L.A . Marquardt, Eds., pp. 116–127, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  8. T. Nishida, “The chimpanzees of the mahale mountains. Sexual and life history strategies,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 12, no. 6, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. E. Newton-Fisher, “The diet of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda,” African Journal of Ecology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 344–354, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Boesch and H. Boesch-Achermann, The Chimpanzees of Tai Forest. Behavioral Ecology and Evolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2000.
  11. J. Goodall, The Chimpanzees of Gombe. Patterns of Behaviour, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 1986.
  12. A. Suzuki, “Carnivority and cannibalism observed among forest-living chimpanzees,” The Anthropological Society of Nippon, vol. 79, pp. 30–48, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  13. R. W. Wrangham, “Feeding behaviour of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania,” in Primate Ecology, pp. 503–538, Academic Press, London, UK, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  14. T. Nishida, S. Uehara, and R. Nyundo, “Predatory behavior among wild chimpanzees of the mahale mountains,” Primates, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1–20, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. C. Gilby and R. W. Wrangham, “Risk-prone hunting by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) increases during periods of high diet quality,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 1771–1779, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. K. Malenky and R. W. Wrangham, “A quantitative comparison of terrestrial herbaceous food consumption by Pan paniscus in the Lomako Forest, Zaire, and Pan troglodytes in the Kibale Forest, Uganda,” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. W. Wrangham, N. L. Conklin, C. A. Chapman, and K. D. Hunt, “The significance of fibrous foods for Kibale Forest chimpanzees,” Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society of London B, vol. 334, no. 1270, pp. 171–178, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Thompson, Endocrinology and ecology of wild female chimpanzee reproduction [Ph.D. thesis], Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 2005.
  19. N. L. Conklin and R. W. Wrangham, “The value of figs to a hind-gut fermenting frugivore: a nutritional analysis,” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 137–151, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. D. Bygott, Agonistic behavior and dominance in wild chimpanzees [Ph.D. dissertation], Cambridge University, 1974.
  21. R. W. Wrangham, The behavioural ecology of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania [Ph.D. thesis], University of Cambridge, 1975.
  22. K. H. Farmer, H. M. Buchanan-Smith, and A. Jamart, “Behavioral adaptation of Pan troglodytes troglodytes,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 747–765, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. W. Wrangham, N. L. Conklin, G. Etot et al., “The value of figs to chimpanzees,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 243–256, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Chemurot, Food Consumption and Rest Time in Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes) of Kanyawara Community [Unpublished M.S. thesis], Makerere University, Kibale National Park, Uganda, 2009.
  25. N. E. Newton-Fisher, V. Reynolds, and A. J. Plumptre, “Food supply and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) party size in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 613–628, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. G. Isabirye-Basuta, The ecology and conservation status of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes Blumenbach) in Kibale Forest, Uganda [Ph.D. thesis], Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, 1990.
  27. C. A. Chapman and R. W. Wrangham, “Range use of the forest chimpanzees of kibale: implications for the understanding of chimpanzee social organization,” American Journal of Primatology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 263–274, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. A. Huffman, “Current evidence for self-medication in primates: a multidisciplinary perspective,” Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, vol. 40, pp. 171–200, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Fagen, “Primate juveniles and primate play,” in Juvenile Primates, M. E. Periera and L. A. Fairbanks, Eds., pp. 182–196, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  30. H. Pontzer and R. W. Wrangham, “Ontogeny of ranging in wild chimpanzees,” International Journal of Primatology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 295–309, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus