Table of Contents
ISRN Psychiatry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 128672, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/128672
Research Article

Coping Styles in Patients with Anxiety and Depression

1Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
2Department of Psychiatry, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Received 29 March 2012; Accepted 2 May 2012

Academic Editors: B. S. Ali, C. Norra, and T. Oiesvold

Copyright © 2012 Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Different individuals use different coping styles to cope with their problems. In patients with anxiety and/or depression, these have important implications. The primary objective of our study was to estimate the frequency of different coping mechanisms used by patients with symptoms of anxiety and depression. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted and patients with symptoms of anxiety and depression were identified using the Aga Khan University’s Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS). Coping styles were determined by using the 28-item Brief COPE inventory. We were able to recruit 162 people. The prevalence of anxiety and depression was found to be 34%. Females were more than 2 times likely to have anxiety and depression (P value = 0 . 0 2 4 , O R = 2 . 6 2 ). In patients screening positive for AKUADS, “religion” was the most common coping mechanism identified. “Acceptance”, “Use of instrumental support”, and “Active coping” were other commonly used coping styles. Our findings suggest that religious coping is a common behavior in patients presenting with symptoms anxiety and depression in Pakistan. Knowledge of these coping styles is important in the care of such patients, as these coping methods can be identified and to some extent modified by the treating clinician/psychiatrist.