Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 152047, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/152047
Review Article

A Critical Review of Effects of COPD Self-Management Education on Self-Efficacy

Department of Health Education and Behavior, University of Florida, P.O. Box 118210, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

Received 4 January 2012; Accepted 26 January 2012

Academic Editors: P. Bendtsen and K. M. Rospenda

Copyright © 2012 Michael Stellefson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes progressive airflow limitation which results in prolonged episodes of coughing and shortness of breath. COPD self-management education (COPDSME) programs attempt to enhance patient self-efficacy for managing symptoms. The purpose of this paper was to conduct a critical literature review that identified peer-reviewed articles assessing the effects of COPDSME on self-efficacy outcomes. Seven articles were located after an exhaustive search. Most studies ( ๐‘› = 6 ) reported statistically significant improvements in self-efficacy following intervention. Almost all of the studies tested interventions that drew upon at least 2 recommended sources of efficacy information. Two studies specifically noted increased self-efficacy for controlling physical exertion following COPDSME. Within the reviewed studies, the content within each educational treatment varied widely and showed a lack of standardization, and the types of instruments used to assess self-efficacy varied. This paper highlights the need for more controlled trials that investigate potential between-subjects effects of different types of COPDSME programs on self-efficacy outcomes. Incorporating practice models for patient-centered primary care in COPD requires the use of tailored efficacy building strategies for specific self-management behaviors.