Table of Contents
ISRN Zoology
Volume 2012, Article ID 152342, 8 pages
Review Article

Phenotypic Plasticity and Adaptation in a Holometabolous Insect: The Chironomid Midge

School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NEl 7RU, UK

Received 16 August 2011; Accepted 28 September 2011

Academic Editors: M. Griggio and I. Krams

Copyright © 2012 Athol John McLachlan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Attention is currently shifting from a gene-centred view of evolution to a more phenotype-focussed one. Here, I attempt to test this new paradigm against a diverse and ecologically prominent taxon, the chironomid midge. I conclude that putting phenotypic and developmental flexibility at the forefront helps resolve some persistent difficulties in understanding the process of adaptation.