Table of Contents
ISRN Materials Science
Volume 2012, Article ID 174803, 9 pages
Research Article

Characterization of Chemical Composition and Microstructure of Natural Iron Ore from Muko Deposits

1Department of Material Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 23, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, College of Engineering Design Art and Technology, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

Received 26 June 2012; Accepted 24 October 2012

Academic Editors: F. Cabrera-Escribano, C. Carbonaro, Z. Jiang, E. Ntsoenzok, J. Rubio, and V. Sahajwalla

Copyright © 2012 Abraham J. B. Muwanguzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study aimed at investigating the chemical composition and microstructure of raw iron ore from the deposits in Muko area (south-western Uganda). The quality of this iron ore was evaluated to establish its suitability to serve as a raw material for iron production. Samples were taken from the six hills of Muko ore deposits and tests carried out to establish their composition and properties. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy were employed in the investigation and chemical analysis performed to determine the compounds constituting the ore. The quality of this ore was compared to generalized world market standards and ores from other nations. It was found that Muko ore is a rich hematite grade with Fe content above 65%. It has little gangue (<6% SiO2 and 3-4% Al2O3) and low contents of the deleterious elements ( % and %), which correspond to acceptable levels for commercial iron ores.