Table of Contents
ISRN Education
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 291782, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/291782
Research Article

Multicultural Intensity: The Case of Jewish and Arab Students

1Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Tel-Hai College, Upper Galilee 12210, Israel
2Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, Kazrin 12900, Israel

Received 17 February 2012; Accepted 9 April 2012

Academic Editors: C. Dunst and B. Marlow

Copyright © 2012 Shmuel Shamai and Tamar Hager. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper introduces a new methodology for measuring multicultural levels/intensity based on a study on attitudes towards multiculturalism conducted among college students in Israel. We developed an innovative methodological tool, “multicultural intensity,” that is composed of 8 different scales: the presence of two nationalities and cultures in the college; social friendships between Arabs and Jews on campus; studying in joint classes; ways of providing assistance to students for whom Hebrew is not their mother tongue; legitimization to deal with political and social topics within the academy; classroom curriculum; multicultural tools; reality and political views toward the Arab minority in Israel. We found that Arab and Druze groups manifested more support for multicultural policies than Jewish groups. The paper suggests that “multicultural intensity” will enable researchers and practitioners to collect knowledge as to the success/failure of multicultural policies and programs among various audiences and subsequently could improve their implementation.