Table of Contents
ISRN Endocrinology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 325092, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/325092
Research Article

Hepatic Dysfunction in Hospitalized Patients with Acute Thyrotoxicosis: A Decade of Experience

1Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
2Division of Endocrinology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
3Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

Received 20 September 2012; Accepted 6 October 2012

Academic Editors: M. Hiriart and K. Hull

Copyright © 2012 Richard M. Elias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Habershon, “Guy's Hospital. Exophthalmic goitre, heart disease, jaundice, death,” The Lancet, vol. 103, no. 2641, p. 510, 1874. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Piper and E. Poulsen, “Liver biopsy in thyrotoxicosis,” Acta Medica Scandinavica, vol. 127, no. 5, pp. 439–447, 1947. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. E. R. Movitt, B. Gerstl, and A. E. Davis, “Needle liver biopsy in thyrotoxicosis,” A.M.A. Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 729–739, 1953. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. R. Babb, “Associations between diseases of the thyroid and the liver,” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 421–423, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. M. Choudhary and I. Roberts, “Thyroid storm presenting with liver failure,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 318–321, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Hull, R. Horenstein, R. Naglieri, K. Munir, M. Ghany, and F. S. Celi, “Two cases of thyroid storm-associated cholestatic jaundice,” Endocrine Practice, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 476–480, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Z. Jiang, K. A. Hutchinson, P. Bartelloni, and C. A. Manthous, “Thyroid storm presenting as multiple organ dysfunction syndrome,” Chest, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 877–879, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. L. Fong, J. G. Mchutchison, and T. B. Reynolds, “Hyperthyroidism and hepatic dysfunction: a case series analysis,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 240–244, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Bayraktar and D. H. van Thiel, “Abnormalities in measures of liver function and injury in thyroid disorders,” Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol. 44, no. 18, pp. 1614–1618, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. H. Oppenheimer, H. L. Schwartz, C. N. Mariash, W. B. Kinlaw, N. C. Wong, and H. C. Freake, “Advances in our understanding of thyroid hormone action at the cellular level,” Endocrine Reviews, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 288–308, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Sterling, “Direct triiodothyronine (T3) action by a primary mitochondrial pathway,” Endocrine Research, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 683–715, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Sterling, “Direct thyroid hormone activation of mitochondria: identification of adenine nucleotide translocase (AdNT) as the hormone receptor,” Transactions of the Association of American Physicians, vol. 100, pp. 284–293, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. A. Ram and D. J. Waxman, “Thyroid hormone stimulation of NADPH P450 reductase expression in liver and extrahepatic tissues. Regulation by multiple mechanisms,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 267, no. 5, pp. 3294–3301, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Refetoff, “The syndrome of generalized resistance to thyroid hormone (GRTH),” Endocrine Research, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 717–743, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. M. Dumitrescu, X. H. Liao, T. B. Best, K. Brockmann, and S. Refetoff, “A novel syndrome combining thyroid and neurological abnormalities is associated with mutations in a monocarboxylate transporter gene,” The American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 168–175, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. M. Dumitrescu, X. H. Liao, R. E. Weiss, K. Millen, and S. Refetoff, “Tissue-specific thyroid hormone deprivation and excess in monocarboxylate transporter (Mct) 8-deficient mice,” Endocrinology, vol. 147, no. 9, pp. 4036–4043, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. E. Umpierrez, S. Challapalli, and C. Patterson, “Congestive heart failure due to reversible cardiomyopathy in patients with hyperthyroidism,” The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 310, no. 3, pp. 99–102, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. D. Myers, E. S. Brannon, and B. C. Holland, “A correlative study of the cardiac output and the hepatic circulation in hyperthyroidism,” The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1069–1077, 1950. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. P. Dooner, J. Parada, C. Aliaga, and C. Hoyl, “The liver in thyrotoxicosis,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 25–32, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. M. Klion, R. Segal, and F. Schaffner, “The effect of altered thyroid function on the ultrastructure of the human liver,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 317–324, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. D. C. Yao, J. B. Gross Jr., J. Ludwig, and D. C. Purnell, “Cholestatic jaundice in hyperthyroidism,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 619–620, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. L. Swinburne and S. H. Kreisman, “A rare case of subacute thyroiditis causing thyroid storm,” Thyroid, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 73–76, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. T. Tietgens and M. C. Leinung, “Thyroid storm,” Medical Clinics of North America, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 169–184, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. B. Burch and L. Wartofsky, “Life-threatening thyrotoxicosis: thyroid storm,” Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 263–277, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus