Table of Contents
ISRN Psychiatry
Volume 2012, Article ID 325864, 5 pages
Research Article

The Influence of Coinfection on Mood States in HTLV-1-Infected Patients

1Psychology Division, Hospital das Clínicas of the Medical College of São Paulo and ICHC/FMUSP, 05403-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas and University of São Francisco, Itatiba, São Paulo, Brazil
3Health Institute of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
4Laboratory of Dermatology and Immunodeficiencies (LIM-56), Medical School of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
5Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas, São Paulo, Brazil

Received 8 February 2012; Accepted 16 April 2012

Academic Editors: A. Henin and D. Kozaric-Kovacic

Copyright © 2012 Maria Rita Polo Gascón et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The objective of this study was to discuss the influence of coinfection on mood states (depression and anxiety) in Human T Lymphotropic virus type 1 HTLV-1-infected patients. A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample obtained through a nonprobabilistic technique. A total of 130 patients in treatment at the HTLV Ambulatory of Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas participated in the research, of whom 63 had HAM/TS and 67 were asymptomatic. A sociodemographic survey and the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories were used. The results indicated a prevalence of 7.2% for HTLV-1/HIV co-infection, 7.2% for HTLV-1/HCV, and 4.0% for HTLV-1/HIV/HCV. It is possible that the presence of a co-infection causes greater fear and concern about the future than asymptomatic HTLV-1 infection, increasing the observed degree of depression and anxiety.