Table of Contents
ISRN Inflammation
Volume 2012, Article ID 347852, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/347852
Research Article

Angiotensin Type 1a Receptor Signaling Is Not Necessary for the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species in Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes

Department of Pediatrics, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Moriguchi 570-8506, Japan

Received 18 October 2012; Accepted 6 November 2012

Academic Editors: A. Jalili, A. Kamal, and F. Klebl

Copyright © 2012 Fumiko Yamato et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Although angiotensin II (Ang II) has inflammatory effects, little is known about its role in polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMLs). To elucidate the role of Ang II in PMLs ROS production, we examined hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), one of the ROS, and NO production in AT1a receptor knockout (AT1KO) mice. Methods and Results. PMLs were analyzed from Ang II type 1a receptor knockout mice (AT1KO) and C57BL/6 wild type mice. Using flow cytometry, we studied hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production from PMLs after Staphylococcus aureus phagocytosis or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) stimulation. Nitric oxide (NO) production in the AT1KO was low at basal and after phagocytosis. In the AT1KO, basal H2O2 production was low. After PMA or phagocytosis stimulation, however, H2O2 production was comparable to wild type mice. Next we studied the H2O2 production in C57BL/6 mice exposed to Ang II or saline. H2O2 production stimulated by PMA or phagocytosis did not differ between the two groups. Conclusions. AT1a pathway is not necessary for PMLs H2O2 production but for NO production. There was a compensatory pathway for H2O2 production other than the AT1a receptor.