Table of Contents
ISRN Pharmacology
Volume 2012, Article ID 347930, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/347930
Research Article

Isoflavones-Enriched Soy Protein Prevents C C L 4 -Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats

1National Cancer Institute, 11796 Cairo, Egypt
2Toxicology & Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, 11562 Cairo, Egypt
3Pathology Department, National Research Center, Dokki, 12262 Cairo, Egypt
4Food Technology Department, National Research Center, Dokki, 12262 Cairo, Egypt
5Food Toxicology & Contaminants Department, National Research Center, Dokki, 12262 Cairo, Egypt

Received 6 November 2011; Accepted 7 December 2011

Academic Editor: A. Fernandez-Guasti

Copyright © 2012 Nesma A. Z. Sarhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The burden of liver disease in Egypt is exceptionally high due to the highest prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) resulting in rising rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the current study was to determine the isoflavones in soy and to evaluate the protective role of soy against CCl4-induced liver damage in rats. Four experimental groups were treated for 8 weeks and included the control group, soy-supplemented diet (20% w/w) group, the group treated orally with CCl4 (100 mg/kg bw) twice a week, and the group fed soy-supplemented diet and treated with CCl4. Blood and liver tissue samples were collected for biochemical analyses and histological examination. The results indicated that protein content was 45.8% and the total isoflavones recorded 167.3 mg/100 g soy. Treatment with CCl4 resulted in a significant biochemical changes in serum liver tissue accompanied with severe oxidative stress and histological changes. Supplementation with soy succeeded to restore the elevation of liver enzymes activities and improved serum biochemical parameters. Moreover, soy supplementation improved the antioxidant enzymes, decreased lipid peroxidation, and improved the histological picture of the liver tissue. It could be concluded that soy-protein-enriched isoflavones may be a promising agent against liver diseases.