Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 361456, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/361456
Research Article

A Cross-Sectional Study to Find Prevalence and Risk Factors for Childhood Asthma in Pune City, India

1Department of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2Masjed Soleiman Azad University, Masjed Soleiman, Iran
3Chest Research Foundation, Pune, India

Received 8 November 2011; Accepted 8 December 2011

Academic Editor: A. Green

Copyright © 2012 Maria Cheraghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We aimed to determine current prevalence of asthma and risk factors associated with it in Pune, India. Methods. This was a cross-sectional school-population-based study in which parents of school children aged 6-7 and 13-14 were administered an ISAAC questionnaire and an additional set of questions that detected the presence of potential risk factors known to be associated with asthma during 2008-2009 academic years. Results. Prevalence of current asthma was 6.7% (7% amongst 6-7-year olds and 6.3% amongst 13-14 year olds. Asthma was more common amongst boys (8.1%) than girls (4.9%) and more frequent in students studying in private schools (7.3%) than in those studying in public schools (5.8%). Risk factors such as family history of atopy, caesarian delivery, use of biomass fuel for cooking, absence of separate kitchen, absence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life, preterm birth, snoring, dampness at home, male sex, and parental smoking were significantly associated with asthma. Conclusion. There was a high prevalence of childhood asthma in Pune, India, which was associated with genetic and environmental risk factors.