Table of Contents
ISRN Renewable Energy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 401761, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/401761
Research Article

Potential of Wind and Solar Electricity Generation in Bangladesh

1Department of Physics, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh
2Renewable Energy Research Centre, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
3Department of Physics, Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology, Chittagnong 4349, Bangladesh

Received 29 October 2011; Accepted 11 December 2011

Academic Editors: C. Cristofari and A. Hasan

Copyright © 2012 Sanjoy Kumar Nandi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Wind and solar energies are the alternative energy sources that can be used to supplement the conventional energy sources particularly in Bangladesh. In this work, the aim is to assess the current wind and solar energy potential in Bangladesh. The wind data for the five stations obtained from Local Government Engineering Department have been assessed, but only two of them seem to be eligible for energy production. Annual average, monthly average, and hourly average wind speeds and wind power densities were calculated from the wind data. The Weibull distribution parameters (c and k), the dominant wind directions, and the frequency distributions were also determined. Experimentally measured solar radiation data are not available over Bangladesh. Measured climatological data such as cloud cover and sunshine duration data of Bangladesh Meteorological Department from 1992 to 2001 used for the estimation of global solar radiation as they are correlated. Technoeconomic feasibility analysis is done for 100 kW grid connected wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. Renewable-energy-based system will bring more environmental benefits than conventional power in terms of human health, reduction of air pollution, and decrease of noise, and so forth. However, in the above estimation, these were not considered.