Table of Contents
ISRN Vascular Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 451730, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/451730
Clinical Study

Relation of High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Apoprotein A1 Levels with Presence and Severity of Coronary Obstruction

1Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis Unit, Fundación para la Investigación y Docencia de las Enfermedades Cardiovasculares (FIDEC), c/ Gurtubay s/n, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
2Basque Country University School of Nursing, UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48940 Leioa, Spain
3Cardiology Department, Basurto Hospital, Avenida Montevideo no. 18, 48013 Bilbao, Spain

Received 17 February 2012; Accepted 30 March 2012

Academic Editors: B. Hambly, T. Nishida, and P. Schoenhagen

Copyright © 2012 Y. Sáez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Stamler, D. Wentworth, and J. D. Neaton, “Is relationship between serum cholesterol and risk of premature death from coronary heart disease continuous and graded? Findings in 356,222 primary screenees of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT),” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 256, no. 20, pp. 2823–2828, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial Research Group, “Multiple risk factor intervention trial. Risk factor changes and mortality results,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 248, no. 12, pp. 1465–1477, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. T. R. Pedersen, J. Kjekshus, K. Berg et al., “Randomised trial of cholesterol lowering in 4444 patients with coronary heart disease: the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S). 1994,” Atherosclerosis. Supplements, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 81–87, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. R. Downs, M. Clearfield, S. Weis et al., “Primary prevention of acute coronary events with lovastatin in men and women with average cholesterol levels: results of AFCAPS/TexCAPS,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 279, no. 20, pp. 1615–1622, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Gordon, W. P. Castelli, and M. C. Hjortland, “High density lipoprotein as a protective factor against coronary heart disease. The Framingham study,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 707–714, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. J. Genest, J. R. McNamara, D. N. Salem, and E. J. Schaefer, “Prevalence of risk factors in men with premature coronary artery disease,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 67, no. 15, pp. 1185–1189, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. Lamarche, S. Moorjani, P. J. Lupien et al., “Apolipoprotein A-I and B levels and the risk of ischemic heart disease during a five-year follow-up of men in the Quebec cardiovascular study,” Circulation, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 273–278, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Sierra-Johnson, R. M. Fisher, A. Romero-Corral et al., “Concentration of apolipoprotein B is comparable with the apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I ratio and better than routine clinical lipid measurements in predicting coronary heart disease mortality: findings from a multi-ethnic US population,” European Heart Journal, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 710–717, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Pischon, C. J. Girman, F. M. Sacks, N. Rifai, M. J. Stampfer, and E. B. Rimm, “Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein B in the prediction of coronary heart disease in men,” Circulation, vol. 112, no. 22, pp. 3375–3383, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Walldius, I. Jungner, I. Holme, A. H. Aastveit, W. Kolar, and E. Steiner, “High apolipoprotein B, low apolipoprotein A-I, and improvement in the prediction of fatal myocardial infarction (AMORIS study): a prospective study,” Lancet, vol. 358, no. 9298, pp. 2026–2033, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. M. Ridker, N. Rifai, N. R. Cook, G. Bradwin, and J. E. Buring, “Non-HDL cholesterol, apolipoproteins A-I and B100, standard lipid measures, lipid ratios, and CRP as risk factors for cardiovascular disease in women,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 294, no. 3, pp. 326–333, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. Shai, E. B. Rimm, S. E. Hankinson et al., “Multivariate assessment of lipid parameters as predictors of coronary heart disease among postmenopausal women: potential implications for clinical guidelines,” Circulation, vol. 110, no. 18, pp. 2824–2830, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. Ingelsson, E. J. Schaefer, J. H. Contois et al., “Clinical utility of different lipid measures for prediction of coronary heart disease in men and women,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 298, no. 7, pp. 776–785, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Barter, A. M. Gotto, J. C. LaRosa et al., “HDL cholesterol, very low levels of LDL cholesterol, and cardiovascular events,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 357, no. 13, pp. 1301–1310, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Garfagnini, G. Devoto, P. Rosselli, P. Boggiano, and M. Venturini, “Relationship between HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A1 and the severity of coronary artery disease,” European Heart Journal, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 465–470, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. E. Nissen, T. Tsunoda, E. M. Tuzcu et al., “Effect of recombinant apo A1 Milano on coronary atherosclerosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes: a randomized controlled trial,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 290, no. 17, pp. 2292–2300, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Horimoto, A. Hasegawa, T. Ozaki, T. Takenaka, K. Igarashi, and H. Inoue, “Independent predictors of the severity of angiographic coronary atherosclerosis: the lack of association between impaired glucose tolerance and stenosis severity,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 182, no. 1, pp. 113–119, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. H. Khadem-Ansari, Y. Rasmi, A. Rahimi-Pour, and M. Jafarzadeh, “The association between serum apolipoprotein A-I and apolipoprotein B and the severity of angiographical coronary artery disease,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 610–613, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus