Table of Contents
ISRN Meteorology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 517962, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/517962
Research Article

The Spatial Pattern of the Sun-Hurricane Connection across the North Atlantic

Department of Geography, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32308, USA

Received 24 September 2012; Accepted 12 October 2012

Academic Editors: H.-P. Huang and S. Iizuka

Copyright © 2012 Robert E. Hodges and James B. Elsner. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The authors define the spatial response of hurricanes to extremes in the solar cycle. Using an equal-area hexagon tessellation, regional hurricane counts are examined during the period 1851–2010. The response features fewer hurricanes across the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and along the eastern seaboard of the United States when sunspots are numerous. In contrast fewer hurricanes are observed in the central North Atlantic when sunspots are few. The sun-hurricane connection is as important as the El Niño Southern Oscillation toward statistically explaining regional hurricane occurrences.