Table of Contents
ISRN Hematology
Volume 2012, Article ID 524040, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/524040
Review Article

Evaluation of Transfusion Pyrexia: A Review of Differential Diagnosis and Management

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2R3

Received 21 August 2012; Accepted 7 September 2012

Academic Editors: G. Carulli, A. Pekrun, B. Wachowicz, and A. M. Will

Copyright © 2012 Oladimeji P. Arewa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Wenz, “Microaggregate blood filtration and the febrile transfusion reaction. A comparative study,” Transfusion, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 95–98, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. N. Ezidiegwu, K. J. Lauenstein, L. C. Rosales, K. C. Kelly, and J. B. Henry, “Febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions: management by premedication and cost implications in adult patients,” Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 128, no. 9, pp. 991–995, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Shimoyama, K. Minato, H. Ohkura, K. Kimura, Y. Shibata, and T. Juji, “Factors influencing transfused platelet recovery and survival, with special reference to antiplatelet antibody,” Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 35–43, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. J. Slichter, K. Davis, H. Enright et al., “Factors affecting posttransfusion platelet increments, platelet refractoriness, and platelet transfusion intervals in thrombocytopenic patients,” Blood, vol. 105, no. 10, pp. 4106–4114, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. O. P. Arewa, The pattern of acute and delayed transfusion reactions at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Ile-ife [Ph.D. dissertation], The National Postgraduate Medical College, Nigeria, 2006.
  6. E. Beutler, “Preservation and clinical use of erythrocytes and whole blood,” in Wiillams Haematology, M. A. Lichtman, E. Beutler, T. J. Kipps, U. Seligsohn, K. Kaushansky, and J. T. Prchal, Eds., pp. 2159–2173, McGraw-Hill Medical, New York, NY, USA, 7th edition, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Payne, “The association of febrile transfusion reactions with leuko-agglutinins,” Vox Sanguinis, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 233–241, 1957. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Payne and M. R. Rolfs, “Further observations on leukoagglutinin transfusion reactions: with special reference to leukoagglutinin transfusion reactions in women,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 449–458, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. H. Yazer, L. Podlosky, G. Clarke, and S. M. Nahirniak, “The effect of prestorage WBC reduction on the rates of febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions to platelet concentrates and RBC,” Transfusion, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 10–15, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. J. Uhlmann, E. Isgriggs, M. Wallhermfechtel, and L. T. Goodnough, “Prestorage universal WBC reduction of RBC units does not affect the incidence of transfusion reactions,” Transfusion, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 997–1000, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Ibojie, M. A. Greiss, and S. J. Urbaniak, “Limited efficacy of universal leucodepletion in reducing the incidence of febrile non-haemolytic reactions in red cell transfusion,” Transfusion Medicine, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 181–185, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. M. Heddle, L. N. Klama, and L. Griffith, “Febrile transfusion reactions,” Transfusion, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 790–793, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  13. N. M. Heddle, L. N. Klama, L. Griffith, R. Roberts, G. Shukla, and J. G. Kelton, “A prospective study to identify the risk factors associated with acute reactions to platelet and red cell transfusions,” Transfusion, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 794–797, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. S. Lin, C. H. Tzeng, T. C. Hao et al., “Cytokine release in febrile non-haemolytic red cell transfusion reactions,” Vox Sanguinis, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 156–160, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. A. Leiby, B. A. Lenes, M. A. Tibeals, and M. T. Tames-Olmedo, “Prospective evaluation of a patient with Trypanosoma cruzi infection transmitted by transfusion,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 341, no. 16, pp. 1237–1239, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. P. Phipps, J. Kaufman, and N. Blumberg, “Platelet derived CD154 (CD40 ligand) and febrile responses to transfusion,” The Lancet, vol. 357, no. 9273, pp. 2023–2024, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. M. Heddle, L. Klama, J. Singer et al., “The role of the plasma from platelet concentrates in transfusion reactions,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 331, no. 10, pp. 625–628, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. K. Widmann, “Controversies in transfusion medicine: should a febrile transfusion response occasion the return of the blood component to the blood bank? Pro,” Transfusion, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 356–358, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. A. Oberman, “Controversies in transfusion medicine: should a febrile transfusion response occasion the return of the blood component to the blood bank? Con,” Transfusion, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 353–355, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. Sniecinski, M. R. O'Donnell, B. Nowicki, and L. R. Hill, “Prevention of refractoriness and HLA-alloimmunization using filtered blood products,” Blood, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 1402–1407, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. H. Sayers, K. C. Anderson, L. T. Goodnough et al., “Reducing the risk for transfusion-transmitted cytomegalovirus infection,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 55–62, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. H. Seldon, “Management of blood transfusion reactions,” The Medical Clinics of North America, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1217–1224, 1956. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. I. Boral, E. D. Weiss, and J. B. Henry, “Transfusion medicine,” in Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods, J. B. Henry, Ed., pp. 718–775, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. G. Prentice and J. P. Donelly, “Supportive care in the management of leukaemia,” in Postgraduate Haematology, V. A. Hoffband, D. Catovsky, and E. G. D. Tuddenham, Eds., pp. 586–602, Blackwell Publishing Company, 5th edition, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Contreras and E. H. Patricia, “Clinical blood transfusion,” in Postgraduate Haematology, V. A. Hoffband, D. Catovsky, and E. G. D. Tuddenham, Eds., pp. 215–229, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 4th edition, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  26. B. Hoppe, L. Pastucha, A. Seltsam, A. Greinacher, and A. Salama, “Acute haemolytic transfusion reactions due to weak antibodies that in vitro did not seem to be clinically significant,” Vox Sanguinis, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 207–210, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. A. Pineda, H. F. Taswell, and S. M. Brzica, “Delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction: an immunologic hazard of blood transfusion,” Transfusion, vol. 18, pp. 1–7, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. B. Moore, H. F. Taswell, A. A. Pineda, and C. L. Sonnenberg, “Delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions. Evidence of the need for an improved pretransfusion compatibility test,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 94–97, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Salama and C. Mueller-Eckhardt, “Delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions. Evidence for complement activation involving allogeneic and autologous red cells,” Transfusion, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 188–193, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. O. Cullis, N. Win, J. M. Dudley, and T. Kaye, “Post-transfusion hyperhaemolysis in a patient with sickle cell disease: use of steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin to prevent further red cell destruction,” Vox Sanguinis, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 355–357, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. E. Patten, C. R. Reddi, H. Riglin, and J. Edwards, “Delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction caused by a primary immune response,” Transfusion, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 248–250, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Pittman, “A study of bacteria implicated in transfusion reactions and of bacteria isolated from blood products,” The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 273–288, 1953. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. F. S. Rhame, R. K. Root, J. D. MacLowry, T. A. Dadisman, and J. V. Bennett, “Salmonella septicemia from platelet transfusions. Study of an outbreak traced to a hematogenous carrier of Salmonella cholerae-suis,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 633–641, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. Ness, H. Braine, K. King et al., “Single-donor platelets reduce the risk of septic platelet transfusion reactions,” Transfusion, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 857–861, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. P. Cazenave, “Bacterial contamination: should it be detected or inactivated?” Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 81–85, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. J. Bruce-Chwatt, “Transfusion malaria revisited,” Tropical Diseases Bulletin, vol. 79, no. 10, pp. 827–840, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. B. Moiz, “Prevention of transfusion transmitted malaria in an endemic area—a challenge for blood banks,” Infectious Diseases Journal of Pakistan, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 96–98, 2004, http://www.idspak.org/journal. View at Google Scholar
  38. L. Wells and F. A. Ala, “Malaria and blood transfusion,” The Lancet, vol. 1, no. 8441, pp. 1317–1319, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. I. C. Guerrero, B. C. Weniger, and M. G. Schultz, “Transfusion malaria in the United States, 1972–1981,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 221–226, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. CDC, “Malaria Surveillance—United States, 1994,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1–18, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  41. A. A. Saeed, A. M. Rasheed, I. A. Nasser, M. A. Onaizi, S. A. Kahtani, and L. Dubois, “Malaria screening of blood donors in Saudi Arabia,” Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 22, no. 5-6, pp. 329–332, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. Bux and U. J. H. Sachs, “The pathogenesis of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI),” British Journal of Haematology, vol. 136, no. 6, pp. 788–799, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. R. Sanchez, P. Bacchetti, and P. Toy, “Transfusion-related acute lung injury: a case-control pilot study of risk factors,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 128–134, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. A. Popovsky and S. B. Moore, “Diagnostic and pathogenetic considerations in transfusion-related acute lung injury,” Transfusion, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 573–577, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. P. M. Kopko, C. S. Marshall, M. R. MacKenzie, P. V. Holland, and M. A. Popovsky, “Transfusion-related acute lung injury: report of a clinical look-back investigation,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 287, no. 15, pp. 1968–1971, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. X. Yang, S. Ahmed, and V. Chandrasekaran, “Transfusion-related acute lung injury resulting from designated blood transfusion between mother and child: a report of two cases,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 590–592, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. K. C. Anderson and H. J. Weinstein, “Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 323, no. 5, pp. 315–321, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. H. Ohto and K. C. Anderson, “Survey of transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease in immunocompetent recipients,” Transfusion Medicine Reviews, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 31–43, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. L. M. Williamson, “Transfusion associated graft versus host disease and its prevention,” Heart, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 211–212, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. NBTS/NIBSC, Guidelines for the Transfusion Service, HMSO, London, UK, 1993.
  51. BCSH Blood Transfusion Task Force, “Guidelines on gamma irradiation of blood components for the prevention of transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease,” Transfusion Medicine, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 261–271, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  52. J. Gorlin and P. Mintz, “Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease,” in Transfusion Therapy: Clinical Principles and Practice, P. Mintz, Ed., pp. 341–357, AABB Press, Bethesda, Md, USA, 1999. View at Google Scholar