Table of Contents
ISRN Chemical Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 572421, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/572421
Research Article

Application of Artificial Neural Network in Simulation of Supercritical Extraction of Valerenic Acid from Valeriana officinalis L.

School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 11365–4563, Tehran 14174, Iran

Received 12 September 2012; Accepted 24 October 2012

Academic Editors: L. Jiang, S. Kaneco, and A. Yu

Copyright © 2012 Amir Rabiee Kenaree and Shohreh Fatemi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Application of artificial neural network (ANN) has been studied for simulation of the extraction process by supercritical CO2. Supercritical extraction of valerenic acid from Valeriana officianalis L. has been studied and simulated according to the significant operational parameters such as pressure, temperature, and dynamic extraction time. ANN, using multilayer perceptron (MLP) model, is employed to predict the amount of extracted VA versus the studied variables. Three tests, validation, and training data sets in three various scenarios are selected to predict the amount of extracted VA at dynamic time of extraction, working pressure, and temperature values. Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm has been employed to train the MLP network. The model in first scenario has three neurons in one hidden layer, and the models associated with the second and the third scenarios have four neurons in one hidden layer. The determination coefficients are calculated as 0.971, 0.940, and 0.964 for the first, second, and the third scenarios, respectively, demonstrating the effectiveness of the MLP model in simulating this process using any of the scenarios, and accurate prediction of extraction yield has been revealed in different working conditions of pressure, temperature, and dynamic time of extraction.