Table of Contents
ISRN Oncology
Volume 2012, Article ID 585017, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/585017
Research Article

Bone Scan Is of Doubtful Value as a First Staging Test in the Primary Presentation of Prostate Cancer

1Department of Urology, King’s College Hospital, 2nd floor Hambleden Wing, Denmark Hill, London SE19 2BY, UK
2Radiology Department, King’s College Hospital, London, UK

Received 3 September 2012; Accepted 24 September 2012

Academic Editors: C. Perez, M. Stracke, and M. J. Turk

Copyright © 2012 Lina M. Carmona Echeverria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Office for National Statistics, Cancer Statistics Registrations: Registrations of Cancer Diagnosed in 2007, England Series MB1 no. 38, National Statistics, London, UK, 2010.
  2. A. Heidenreich, G. Aus, M. Bolla et al., “EAU guidelines on prostate cancer,” European Urology, vol. 53, pp. 68–80, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  3. J. M. O'Sullivan, A. R. Norman, G. J. Cook, C. Fisher, and D. P. Dearnaley, “Broadening the criteria for avoiding staging bone scans in prostate cancer: a retrospective study of patients at the Royal Marsden Hospital,” BJU International, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 685–689, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Lee, R. Fawaaz, C. A. Olsson et al., “Which patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer need a radionuclide bone scan? An analysis based on 631 patients,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1443–1446, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. T. Lee and J. E. Oesterling, “Using prostate-specific antigen to eliminate the staging radionuclide bone scan,” Urologic Clinics of North America, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 389–394, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. McGregor, A. G. S. Tulloch, M. F. Quinlan, and F. Lovegrove, “The role of bone scanning in the assessment of prostatic carcinoma,” British Journal of Urology, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 178–181, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Haukaas, J. Roervik, O. J. Halvorsen, and M. Foelling, “When is bone scintigraphy necessary in the assessment of newly diagnosed, untreated prostate cancer?” British Journal of Urology, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 770–776, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. J. Pollen, K. Gerber, W. L. Ashburn, and J. D. Schmidt, “Nuclear bone imaging in metastatic cancer of the prostate,” Cancer, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 2585–2594, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Hirobe, A. Takahashi, S. I. Hisasue et al., “Bone scanning—who needs it among patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer?” Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 788–792, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Rydh, R. Tomic, B. Tavelin, S. O. Hietala, and J. E. Damber, “Predictive value of prostate-specific antigen, tumour stage and tumour grade for the outcome of bone scintigraphy in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer,” Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 89–93, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. E. Gleave, D. Coupland, D. Drachenberg et al., “Ability of serum prostate-specific antigen levels to predict normal bone scans in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer,” Urology, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 708–712, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. E. Lecouvet, D. Geukens, A. Stainier et al., “Magnetic resonance imaging of the axial skeleton for detecting bone metastases in patients with high-risk prostate cancer: diagnostic and cost-effectiveness and comparison with current detection strategies,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 25, no. 22, pp. 3281–3287, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. Hricak, P. L. Choyke, S. C. Eberhardt, S. A. Leibel, and P. T. Scardino, “Imaging prostate cancer: a multidisciplinary perspective,” Radiology, vol. 243, no. 1, pp. 28–53, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Z. C. Traill, D. Talbot, S. Golding, and F. V. Gleeson, “Magnetic resonance imaging versus radionuclide scintigraphy in screening for bone metastases,” Clinical Radiology, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 448–451, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Heidenreich, P. Albers, J. Classen et al., “Imaging studies in metastatic urogenital cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy: recommendations of a multidisciplinary consensus meeting of the association of urological oncology of the German cancer society,” Urologia Internationalis, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Avrahami, R. Tadmor, O. Dally, and H. Hadar, “Early MR demonstration of spinal metastases in patients with normal radiographs and CT and radionuclide bone scans,” Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 598–602, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Nakanishi, M. Kobayashi, K. Nakaguchi et al., “Whole-body MRI for detecting metastatic bone tumor: diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted images,” Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 147–155, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Tombal, A. Rezazadeh, P. Therasse, P. J. Van Cangh, B. Vande Berg, and F. E. Lecouvet, “Magnetic resonance imaging of the axial skeleton enables objective measurement of tumor response on prostate cancer bone metastases,” Prostate, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 178–187, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus