Table of Contents
ISRN Metallurgy
Volume 2012, Article ID 594573, 14 pages
Research Article

Aluminium Alloy-Based Metal Matrix Composites: A Potential Material for Wear Resistant Applications

CSIR-Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute (AMPRI), Hoshangabad Road, Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal 462064, India

Received 3 August 2012; Accepted 4 September 2012

Academic Editors: R. Asthana and P. Lukac

Copyright © 2012 Rupa Dasgupta. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aluminium alloy-based metal matrix composites (AMMCs) have been by now established themselves as a suitable wear resistant material especially for sliding wear applications. However, in actual practice engineering components usually encounter combination of wear types. An attempt has been made in the present paper to highlight the effect of dispersing SiC in 2014 base alloy adopting the liquid metallurgy route on different wear modes like sliding, abrasion, erosion, and combinations of wear modes like cavitation erosion, erosion abrasion, sliding abrasion, and the results obtained compared with the base alloy. It is found that there are a number of contributing factors for the resulting wear and all are not necessarily derogatory in nature. The limits within which the AMMCs can exhibit superior performance over the base alloy have been discussed. Worn surface and subsurface studies have been carried out to understand the mechanism of material removal and the role of the different contributing factors to material removal. Wear mechanisms that have been prevalent have been suggested and the possibility of making wear resistant components from the MMCs is discussed based on the experimental results obtained.