Table of Contents
ISRN Organic Chemistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 595868, 9 pages
Research Article

An Efficient Protocol for the Green and Solvent-Free Synthesis of Azine Derivatives at Room Temperature Using BiCl3-Loaded Montmorillonite K10 as a New Recyclable Heterogeneous Catalyst

Photocatalysis Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India

Received 28 August 2012; Accepted 2 October 2012

Academic Editors: A. Labande, J. Perez-Castells, H. Wakamatsu, and B.-e. Yingyongnarongkul

Copyright © 2012 K. Ravi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new BiCl3-loaded montmorillonite K10 catalyst has been prepared by solid dispersion method and was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements. BiCl3 loaded K10 (BiCl3-K10) has been used as solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of azine derivatives from benzophenone hydrazone and ketones/aldehydes by simple physical grinding. This BiCl3-K10 gives an excellent yield with short reaction time and is an inexpensive, easily recyclable catalyst for this reaction.