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ISRN Software Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 598150, 20 pages
Research Article

Prioritizing Program Elements: A Pretesting Effort to Improve Software Quality

Department of CS&E, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Orissa 769008, India

Received 28 September 2011; Accepted 27 October 2011

Academic Editors: K. Framling and G. Visaggio

Copyright © 2012 Mitrabinda Ray and Durga Prasad Mohapatra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Improving the efficiency of a testing process is a challenging task. Prior work has shown that often, a small number of bugs account for the majority of the reported software failures; and often, most bugs are found in a small portion of the source code of a program. First, prioritizing the code elements according to their criticality and then conducting testing, will promote to reveal the important bugs at the early phase of testing. Keeping it in view, we propose an efficient test effort prioritization method that give a chance to the tester to focus more on the parts of the source code that are highly influenced towards the system failures or in which, the failures have high impact on the system. We consider five important factors such as influence towards system failures, average execution time, structural complexity, severity, and business value associated with a component and estimates the criticality of the component within a system. We have experimentally proved that our proposed test effort prioritization approach is effective in revealing important bugs at the early phase of testing as it is linked to external measure of defect severity and business value, internal measure of frequency, complexity, and coupling.