Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2012, Article ID 607697, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/607697
Research Article

Association between Overweight, Health Behaviors, and Insulin Resistance in School Children

1Department of Nutrition, Hospital Durand Buenos Aires, 1006 Capital Federal, Argentina
2School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, 1121 Buenos Aires, Argentina
3School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, 1121 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Received 4 November 2011; Accepted 7 December 2011

Academic Editors: D. M. Ivanovic, J. Vignerova, and A. Zaborskis

Copyright © 2012 V. Hirschler et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the paper was to determine the association between children's BMI, health behaviors, and HOMA-IR. 1065 students (535M) aged 9 . 5 ± 2 . 1  y from 6 schools were examined. Questionnaires for healthy habits were completed. As all components could not contribute equally to overweight/obesity (OW/OB), a multiple regression analysis was done with BMI as the dependent variable. Those components which were associated with BMI were totaled to establish the score. Data also included Tanner, lipids, insulin, and glucose. 165 (15.5%) of the children were OB (BMI > 95%ile per CDC norms), and 152 (14.3%), OW (85 ≤ BMI < 95%ile). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed a positive association between children's OW/OB and HOMA-IR (OR, 2.42 (95% CI 1.97–2.98)), and an inverse association with healthy score (OR, 0.66 (95% CI 0.52–0.85)) adjusted for Tanner and gender. Our results suggest that this is an easy score that could be used to predict children's OW/OB; however additional longitudinal studies should be done to confirm these findings.