International Scholarly Research Notices / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Time in e-Learning Research: A Qualitative Review of the Empirical Consideration of Time in Research into e-Learning

Table 2

Characterisation of literature according to the five guiding questions.

Meaning of timeMethodological incorporation of time
Theoretical modelConception of timePhase of incorporationUnitData

Amiel and Orey [30]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitQuestionnaire-surveys-interviews
Bannink and van Dam [31]Process modelEvolution of a phenomenonDimensionsTheoretical-based unitLog filesProducts
Y. Chen et al. [32]Process modelEvolution of a phenomenonAnalysisFormal time unitLog files
D. T. Chen et al. [33]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsNot specifiedSetting design
Cotner et al. 12]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
Evolution of aphenomenonAnalysisFormal time unitQuestionnaire-surveys-interviews
Crooks et al. [34]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
While during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Ely et al. [35]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitSetting design
Frydenberg [36]Variable-based modelMoment in which the phenomenon takes placeDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingInstitutional documents
Evolution of a phenomenonAnalysisFormal time unit
Hrastinski [37]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
While during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitQuestionnaire-surveys-interviews
Hrastinski [38]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
Hrastinski [28]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
Jeong and Frazier [39]Variable-based modelMoment in which the phenomenon takes placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Kapur et al. [40]Variable based modelEvolution of a phenomenonDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingLog files
Kim and Keller [41]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitQuestionnaire-surveys-interviews
Kevin et al. [42]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Krause et al. [43]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Martin and Klein [44]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Metz [45]Variable-based modelMoment in which the phenomenon takes placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Offir et al. [46]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
Osman and Herring [47]Process modelEvolution of a phenomenonDimensionsTheoretical-based unitLog files
Papadopoulos et al. [48]Variable-based modelWhile during which a phenomenon is taking placeDimensionsFormal time unitLog files
Roblyer et al. [49]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
Skylar [50]Variable-based modelDistance between two phenomenaDimensionsUnit based on internal components of the settingSetting design
Yoon and Johnson [51]Process modelEvolution of a phenomenonDimensionsTheoretical-based unitLog files
Questionnaire-surveys-interviews

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.