Table of Contents
ISRN Agronomy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 678124, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/678124
Research Article

Effect of Urea, NPK and Compost on Growth and Yield of Soybean (Glycine max L.), in Semi-Arid Region of Sudan

1Agronomy Department, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 71 Khartoum North, Sudan
2Training Department, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box: 285 Khartoum, Sudan
3Food Science and Technology Department, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum North, Sudan

Received 11 November 2011; Accepted 8 December 2011

Academic Editors: O. Ferrarese-Filho and N. Maruyama

Copyright © 2012 Samia Osman Yagoub et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Arslan, B. Yıldırım, and Ö. Dede, “Crop seed production and importance of plant oil requirement in Turkish economy,” Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 3, no. 1-2, pp. 367–373, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  2. ITC, Principle Oils and Seeds in World Trade. Atrader’s Quide Volume II, International Trade Center, Geneva, Switzerland, 1990.
  3. B. Basso and J. T. Ritchie, “Impact of compost, manure and inorganic fertilizer on nitrate leaching and yield for a 6-year maize-alfalfa rotation in Michigan,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 309–341, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. J. Haynes and R. Naidu, “Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 123–137, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. D. Taylor, “Accumulation of cadmium derived from fertilisers in New Zealand soils,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 208, no. 1-2, pp. 64–68, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. B. Jones, A guide for the Hydroponic and Soil-Less Culture Grower, Timber Press, Beaverton, Ore, USA, 1983.
  7. S. U. Remison, Basic Principles of Crop Physiology, Sadoh Press Nig, Benin City, Benin, 2005.
  8. V. O. Chude, W. B. Malgwi, I. V. Amapu, and O. A. Ano, Manual on Soil Fertilit Assessment, Federal Fertilizer Department (FFD) Incollaboration with FAO/National Special Programme for Food Security, Abuja, Nigeria, 2004.
  9. M. Vera, N. Mrkovački, and M. Hrustić, “Interrelationship of nitrogen fixation potential and soybean yield. A Periodical of Scientific Research on Field and Vegetable,” Crops, vol. 36, pp. 133–139, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  10. K. M. Kakar, M. Tariq, F. H. Taj, and K. Nawab, “Phosphorous use efficiency of soybean as affected by phosphorous application and inoculation,” Pakistan Journal of Agronomy, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 49–50, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  11. I. S. M. Farhad, M. N. Islam, S. Hoque, and M. S. I. Bhuiy, “Role of potassium and sulphur on the growth, yield and oil content of soybean (Glycine max L.),” An Academic Journal of Plant Sciences, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 99–103, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  12. S. D. Billore, K. Singh, A. P. Singh, and M. Bargale, “Energy productivity of sorghum-wheat sequence through long term use of chemical fertilizers,” Indian Journal of Agronomy, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 198–208, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  13. M. O. Khidir, Oil Crops in the Sudan, Khartoum University Press, Khartoum, Sudan, 1997.
  14. M. E. Abdel-Hafeez, Effect of partially acidulate phosphate rocks and triple superphosphate and their combinations on growth, mineral composition and yield of wheat, Ph.D. thesis, College of Agricultural Studies, University of Sudan for Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan, 2001.
  15. H. S. Adam, The Agricultural Climate, Gezira University Press, Wad-Medani, Sudan, 2nd edition, 2002.
  16. R. G. D. Steel, J. H. Torrie, and D. A. Dickeys, Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach, Mc Graw Hill Book, New York, NY, USA, 3rd edition, 1997.
  17. M. M. Win, “Vegetable soybean yield response to different nitrogen rates,” AVRDC-TOP 9 Training Report, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  18. S. A. Shehata and M. A. El-Helaly, “Effect of compost, humic acid and amino acid on yield of snap beans,” Journal of Horticultural Science & Omamental Plants, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 107–110, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  19. C. J. Hantolo, “Nitrogen fertilizer effect on yield component of vegetable soybean,” AVRDC-TOP 9 Training Report, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. F. Starling, C. W. Wood, and D. B. Weaver, “Starter nitrogen and growth habit effects on late-planted soybean,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 658–662, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. Chuansong, “Nitrogen fertilizer effect on marketable yield of vegetable soybean,” AVRDC-TOP 9 Training Report, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  22. T. Xuewen, “Effect of nitrogen fertilizer level on soybean yield,” AVRDC-TOP 9 Training Report, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  23. G. A. Akbari, D. S. Scarisbrick, and W. T. Peat, “Soybean (Glycine max L. merrill) yield and yield components response to nitrogen supply and wither changes in South-East of England,” Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 15–32, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  24. P. N. Singh, A. S. Jeena, and G. R. Singh, “Effect of N.P. fertilizer on plant growth and root characteristic in soybean,” Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 127–129, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  25. A. Polthanee and V. Tre-loges, “Effects of soaking seed and fertilizer placement on growth and yield of soybean grown after rice in the post-monsoon season in khon kaen province songklanakarin,” Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 197–207, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  26. P. Tola, “Urea fertilizer and variety effect on vegetable soybean yield,” AVRDC-TOP 9 Training Report, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  27. S. K. Agha, F. C. Oad, and U. A. Buriro, “Yield and yield components of inoculation and un-inoculation soybean under varying nitrogen levels Asian,” Journal of Plant Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 370–371, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  28. P. Akbari, A. Ghalavand, A. M. Modarres Sanavy, and M. Agha Alikhani, “The effect of biofertilizers, nitrogen fertilizer and farmyard manure on grain yield and seed quality of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.),” Journal of Agricultural Technonogy, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 173–184, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  29. G. Seneviratne, L. H. J. Van Holm, and E. M. H. G. S. Ekanayake, “Agronomic benefits of rhizobial inoculant use over nitrogen fertilizer application in tropical soybean,” Field Crops Research, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 199–203, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. R. Kheirelseed, Effect of inoculation N.P. on irrigated soybean in Gezira, M.S. thesis, University of Gezira, 1990.
  31. H. S. Grewal, J. S. Kolar, and D. Singh, “Effect of split application of potassium on growth, yield and potassium accumulation by soybean(Glycine max L.) Merr.,” Journal of Potassium Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 173–177, 1994. View at Google Scholar