Table of Contents
ISRN Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 680894, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/680894
Research Article

In-Cell Clean-Up Pressurised Liquid Extraction Method to Determine Pesticides in Mushroom Compost by Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Department of Chemistry, University of La Rioja, C/Madre de Dios 51, La Rioja, 26006, Logroño, Spain

Received 19 January 2012; Accepted 16 February 2012

Academic Editor: E. Lodyga-Chruscinska

Copyright © 2012 Patricia Labarta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. C. C. Ribas, M. M. de Mendonça, C. M. Camelini, and C. H. L. Soares, “Use of spent mushroom substrates from Agaricus subrufescens (syn. A. blazei, A. brasiliensis) and Lentinula edodes productions in the enrichment of a soil-based potting media for lettuce (Lactuca sativa) cultivation: growth promotion and soil bioremediation,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 20, pp. 4750–4757, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. Medina, C. Paredes, M. D. Pérez-Murcia, M. A. Bustamante, and R. Moral, “Spent mushroom substrates as component of growing media for germination and growth of horticultural plants,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 18, pp. 4227–4232, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. C. Brändli, T. D. Bucheli, T. Kupper, R. Furrer, F. X. Stadelmann, and J. Tarradellas, “Persistent organic pollutants in source-separated compost and its feedstock materials—a review of field studies,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 735–760, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Raun Andersen, A. M. Vinggaard, T. Høj Rasmussen, I. M. Gjermandsen, and E. Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen, “Effects of currently used pesticides in assays for estrogenicity, androgenicity, and aromatase activity in vitro,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 179, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Gilbert-López, J. F. García-Reyes, and A. Molina-Díaz, “Sample treatment and determination of pesticide residues in fatty vegetable matrices: a review,” Talanta, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 109–128, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. Štajnbaher and L. Zupančič-Kralj, “Optimisation of programmable temperature vaporizer-based large volume injection for determination of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1190, no. 1-2, pp. 316–326, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Wilkowska and M. Biziuk, “Determination of pesticide residues in food matrices using the QuEChERS methodology,” Food Chemistry, vol. 125, no. 3, pp. 803–812, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. L. Fernández Moreno, F. J. Arrebola Liébanas, A. Garrido Frenich, and J. L. Martínez Vidal, “Evaluation of different sample treatments for determining pesticide residues in fat vegetable matrices like avocado by low-pressure gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1111, no. 1, pp. 97–105, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Haib, I. Hofer, and J. M. Renaud, “Analysis of multiple pesticide residues in tobacco using pressurized liquid extraction, automated solid-phase extraction clean-up and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1020, no. 2, pp. 173–187, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Kawata, T. Asada, and K. Oikawa, “Determination of pesticides in compost by pressurized liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1090, no. 1-2, pp. 10–15, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Björklund, S. Sporring, K. Wiberg, P. Haglund, and C. V. Holst, “New strategies for extraction and clean-up of persistent organic pollutants from food and feed samples using selective pressurized liquid extraction,” Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 318–325, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Canosa, D. Pérez-Palacios, A. Garrido-López et al., “Pressurized liquid extraction with in-cell clean-up followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the selective determination of parabens and triclosan in indoor dust,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1161, no. 1-2, pp. 105–112, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. P. Martínez, J. D. Carrillo, and M. T. Tena, “Determination of brominated diphenyl ethers (from mono- to hexa- congeners) in indoor dust by pressurised liquid extraction with in-cell clean-up and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 397, no. 1, pp. 257–267, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. P. Martínez-Moral and M. T. Tena, “Focused ultrasound solid-liquid extraction and selective pressurised liquid extraction to determine bisphenol A and alkylphenols in sewage sludge by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Journal of Separation Science, vol. 34, no. 18, pp. 2513–2522, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. D. García-Rodríguez, A. M. Carro-Díaz, R. A. Lorenzo-Ferreira, and R. Cela-Torrijos, “Determination of pesticides in seaweeds by pressurized liquid extraction and programmed temperature vaporization-based large volume injection-gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1217, no. 17, pp. 2940–2949, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Hiemstra and A. de Kok, “Comprehensive multi-residue method for the target analysis of pesticides in crops using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1154, no. 1-2, pp. 3–25, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus