Table of Contents
ISRN Ceramics
Volume 2012, Article ID 701821, 7 pages
Research Article

Use of Wollastonite as a Flux for Bone China Bodies

Postgraduate Program, Materials Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Osvaldo Aranha 99/705, 90035-190 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Received 13 August 2012; Accepted 6 September 2012

Academic Editors: W.-C. Oh and O. P. Thakur

Copyright © 2012 Lauren Arrussul Carús et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The utilization of wollastonite as a flux in bone china was investigated in this work. Ceramic industry is always looking to optimize the use of fluxes as a way of reducing energy costs associated with firing. Wollastonite is added in ceramic formulations as an auxiliary flux and allows fast firing production. However, its use in bone china has not been tested before. In the present work, two formulations were prepared, comparing the traditional formulation to another in which the conventional flux (potash feldspar) was partially replaced by wollastonite. The firing behavior, technical properties, microstructure, and phase development were analyzed. A slip with wollastonite was also developed to analyze its rheology. Wollastonite body achieved a reduction of firing temperature, a large plateau for firing, and optimal slip stabilization for casting pieces.