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ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 704825, 18 pages
Review Article

Trace Minerals and Livestock: Not Too Much Not Too Little

Department of Animal Pathology, Veterinary Faculty, 27002 Lugo, Spain

Received 9 October 2012; Accepted 31 October 2012

Academic Editors: Ø. Bergh, P. Butaye, M. H. Kogut, and S. Whisnant

Copyright © 2012 Marta López-Alonso. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The new approaches of the animal production systems make managing the mineral nutrition a challenge. Versus the excessive, trace mineral supply in intensively managed livestock, well above the physiological requirements, is the no trace mineral supplementation of organic systems, which become highly dependent on trace minerals in the soil. Nowadays, in addition to the animal health perspective, trace mineral nutrition must be environment friendly and allow getting mineral-enriched animal products. We are in a new scenario, where a balance between animal trace mineral needs and limits is needed. This papers focuses on different aspects that will help us to enter a critical dialogue in relation to animal-human-environment.