Table 2: Associations of diet-related, socioeconomic, and demographic characteristics with moderate or severe anaemia: National Family Health Survey, 2005-06.

Obs.Full sampleNonpregnantFood secure
OR(s.e.)OR(s.e.)OR(s.e.)
81,30176,5627,220

Diet-related variables
Eats meat daily0.89**(0.04)0.89**(0.05)0.48***(0.06)
Eats meat weekly/occasionally1.00(0.03)0.99(0.03)0.79**(0.08)
Eats green leafy vegetables daily0.69(0.28)0.62(0.24)0.32(0.30)
Eats green leafy vegetables weekly/occasionally0.70(0.28)0.62(0.24)0.32(0.30)
Eats dairy products daily0.89***(0.03)0.90***(0.03)0.88(0.12)
Eats dairy products weekly/occasionally0.90***(0.03)0.92**(0.03)0.80(0.11)
Eats fruits daily0.98(0.06)0.99(0.07)1.04(0.28)
Eats fruits weekly/occasionally1.04(0.06)1.05(0.06)1.12(0.27)

Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics
Number of children1.02***(0.01)1.02**(0.01)1.07*(0.04)
Employed0.96**(0.02)0.96*(0.02)0.87(0.08)
Education level-primary1.02(0.03)1.04(0.03)1.23(0.16)
Education level-higher than elementary0.96(0.03)0.98(0.03)1.23(0.17)
Piped water for drinking0.95*(0.03)0.95*(0.03)1.12(0.11)
Muslims and Christians0.92**(0.03)0.92**(0.04)1.08(0.16)
Jain and Buddhist0.83*(0.08)0.84*(0.09)1.23(0.55)
Other religion0.87(0.11)0.87(0.12)3.29**(1.86)
Spouse0.97(0.02)0.95**(0.02)0.94(0.08)
BMI: severely underweight1.25***(0.05)1.30***(0.05)1.18(0.22)
BMI: underweight1.23***(0.03)1.28***(0.03)1.20(0.16)
BMI: overweight0.67***(0.02)0.64***(0.02)0.66***(0.07)
BMI: obese0.62***(0.04)0.62***(0.04)0.90(0.14)
Husband’s education-primary0.94*(0.03)0.95*(0.03)0.91(0.13)
Husband’s edu. Higher than primary0.89***(0.03)0.89***(0.03)0.75**(0.10)
Scheduled caste1.12***(0.04)1.13***(0.04)1.20(0.13)
Scheduled tribe1.33***(0.06)1.32***(0.06)1.33(0.44)
Backward caste1.03(0.03)1.03(0.03)1.35**(0.18)
Caste-do not know0.94(0.06)0.94(0.06)0.84(0.21)
Wealth Quintile-2nd0.90***(0.03)0.91**(0.04)0.67(0.29)
Wealth Quintile-3rd0.86***(0.03)0.87***(0.04)0.63(0.23)
Wealth Quintile-4th0.84***(0.04)0.87***(0.04)0.75(0.27)
Wealth Quintile-5th0.76***(0.04)0.78***(0.05)0.61(0.23)
Rural0.92***(0.03)0.92**(0.03)1.04(0.11)
Pregnant2.76***(0.10)2.45***(0.42)
Age0.96***(0.01)0.95***(0.01)0.90**(0.04)
Age: squared1.00***(0.00)1.00***(0.00)1.00***(0.00)
Food secure: Himachal Pradesh0.96(0.11)0.99(0.12)
Food secure: Kerala0.64***(0.07)0.65***(0.07)
Food secure: Punjab1.02(0.08)1.02(0.08)
Food insecure: Bihar1.07(0.09)1.10(0.09)
Food insecure: Jharkhand1.16*(0.09)1.18*(0.10)
Food insecure: Madhya Pradesh0.90*(0.06)0.90(0.06)
Constant0.52(0.23)0.65(0.28)2.87(3.43)

Only selected state dummies are presented. ***, ** and *indicate statistical significance at 1%, 5%, and 10%, respectively.