Table of Contents
ISRN Vascular Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 783214, 22 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/783214
Review Article

Venous Thromboembolism in Cancer Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Surgery: Prevention and Management

1Department of Gastroenterology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX, USA
2Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India
3Department of General and Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India
4Department of Surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pondicherry 607402, India

Received 16 February 2012; Accepted 19 March 2012

Academic Editors: A. Hirata and B. Meloni

Copyright © 2012 Bhavana Bhagya Rao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cancer is an important risk factor for venous thrombosis. Venous thromboembolism is one of the most common complications of cancer and the second leading cause of death in these patients. Recent research has given insight into mechanism and various risk factors in cancer patients which predispose to thromboembolism. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current knowledge on the prophylaxis, diagnosis, and management of venous thromboembolism in these patients.