Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012, Article ID 807302, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/807302
Review Article

Fertility Preservation in Female Cancer Patients

1Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, 388-1 Poognap-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Republic of Korea
2Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Republic of Korea

Received 7 October 2011; Accepted 29 November 2011

Academic Editors: C. Mundhenke and D. Schust

Copyright © 2012 Chung-Hoon Kim and Gyun-Ho Jeon. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With improved survival rates among cancer patients, fertility preservation is now being recognized as an issue of great importance. There are currently several methods of fertility preservation available in female cancer patients and the options and techniques via assisted reproduction and cryopreservation are increasing, but some are still experimental and continues to be evaluated. The established means of preserving fertility include embryo cryopreservation, gonadal shielding during radiation therapy, ovarian transposition, conservative gynecologic surgery such as radical trachelectomy, donor embryos/oocytes, gestational surrogacy, and adoption. The experimental methods include oocyte cryopreservation, ovarian cryopreservation and transplantation, in vitro maturation, and ovarian suppression. With advances in methods for the preservation of fertility, providing information about risk of infertility and possible options of fertility preservation to all young patients with cancer, and discussing future fertility with them should be also considered as one of the important parts of consultation at the time of cancer diagnosis.