Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 948302, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/948302
Review Article

Head and Neck Melanoma

1Department of General Surgery, Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences, Karnataka, Hassan 573201, India
2Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Sri Hasanamba Dental College & Hospital, Karnataka, Hassan 573201, India

Received 7 December 2011; Accepted 24 January 2012

Academic Editors: D. Galetta, K.-E. Kahnberg, G. I. Salti, and M. Wronski

Copyright © 2012 R. Shashanka and B. R. Smitha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The incidence of malignant melanoma appears to be increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world over the past 30–40 years and continues to increase in the United States, Canada, Australia, Asia, and Europe. The behavior of head and neck melanoma is aggressive, and it has an overall poorer prognosis than that of other skin sites. The authors review the published literature and text books, intending to give an overall picture of malignant melanomas of the head and neck and a special emphasis on treatment considerations with controversies in treatment including biopsy, radiation therapy, sentinel node biopsy, and nodal dissection.