Table of Contents
ISRN Ceramics
Volume 2012, Article ID 972054, 6 pages
Research Article

Microstructural Modeling of Ni- Composites Using Object-Oriented Finite-Element Method

1Noida Institute of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida 201306, India
2School of Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Mandi 175 001, India

Received 31 July 2012; Accepted 6 September 2012

Academic Editors: K. Oh-Ishi and W.-H. Tuan

Copyright © 2012 Neeraj Kumar Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper studied the mechanical and thermal properties of interpenetrating phase composites (IPCs) of Ni-Al2O3 using finite-element-based object-oriented program (OOFEM). It is difficult to model structure-property relationship in IPCs because of interpenetration of two or more phases. In order to understand the material behavior, OOFEM combines the microstructural data in the form microscopic images with the fundamental material properties (such as Young’s modulus or thermal conductivity of the constituent phases). Thermal conductivity, thermal expansion coefficient, and modulus of elasticity for the composites are examined using OOFEM and compared with other methods. The distribution of residual thermal stresses is also investigated.