Table of Contents
ISRN Physiology
Volume 2013, Article ID 101565, 9 pages
Research Article

VO2 Kinetics during Moderate Effort in Muscles of Different Masses and Training Level

1Givat Washington College, Chevel Yavne, Evtach 32579, Israel
2Italian National Olympic Committee, Institute of Sport Sciences, 00195 Rome, Italy
3University Institute for Sports and Movement, 00135 Rome, Italy
4Human Bio-Energetics Research Centre, Crickhowell, Powys, UK

Received 14 August 2012; Accepted 27 September 2012

Academic Editors: I. Bernatova and A. V. Zholos

Copyright © 2012 Omri Inbar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Purpose. To examine the relative importance of central or peripheral factors in the on-transient VO2 response dynamics to exercise with “trained” and relatively “untrained” muscles. Methods. Seven professional road cyclists and seven elite kayak paddlers volunteered to participate in this study. Each completed two bouts of constant-load “square-wave” rest-to-exercise transition cycling and arm-cranking exercise at a power output 50–60% of the mode-specific VO2peak presented in a randomized order. Results. In the cyclists, the mean response time (MRT) as well as the phase II VO2 time constant ( ) was significantly slower in the untrained compared with the trained muscles. The opposite was the case in the kayakers. With respect to the relatively untrained muscle groups, while both demonstrated faster VO2 kinetics than normal (moderately fit) subjects, the kayakers evidenced faster VO2 kinetics than the cyclists. This suggests that there is a greater stabilizing-counterforce involvement of the legs in the task of kayaking than of the arms for cycling. Conclusions. The results of the present study provide no support for the “transfer” of a training effect onto the VO2 on-transient response for moderate exercise, but rather support earlier reports demonstrating that peripheral effects may be important in dictating this kinetics.