138319.fig.0015a
(a)
138319.fig.0015b
(b)
Figure 15: General Late Pleistocene model for the maximum of cave use and conflicts between all top predators, and cave bears with skull examples of the Zoolithen Cave (Upper Franconia, Figure 1) which model is also based on the Sophie’s Cave situation. (a) Skull damage as a result of predator and (b) cave bear fights (“cave imaging” illustrations by G. “Rinaldino” Teichmann; Graphics: PaleoLogic).