Table of Contents
ISRN Virology
Volume 2013, Article ID 179871, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/179871
Research Article

Electropherotypes and G-Types of Group A Rotaviruses Detected in Children with Diarrhea in Lagos, Nigeria

1Department of Microbiology, University of Lagos, Nigeria
2Department of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
3Department of Electron Microscopy and Histopathology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana

Received 11 October 2013; Accepted 5 November 2013

Academic Editors: D. J. Jackwood and J. Ortego

Copyright © 2013 Christianah Idowu Ayolabi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Bern, J. Martines, I. de Zoysa, and R. I. Glass, “The magnitude of the global problem of diarrhoeal disease: a ten-year update,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 705–714, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. U. D. Parashar, C. J. Gibson, J. S. Bresee, and R. I. Glass, “Rotavirus and severe childhood diarrhea,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 304–306, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. A. Miller and L. McCann, “Policy analysis of the use of hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type-B-, Streptococcus pneumoniae-conjugate, and rotavirus vaccines in national immunization schedules,” Health Economics, vol. 9, pp. 19–35, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  4. K. Molbak, T. K. F. Perch, and C. S. Mikkelsen, “The estimation of mortality due to rotavirus infections in sub-Saharan Africa,” Vaccine, vol. 19, no. 4-5, pp. 393–395, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Z. Kapikian and R. M. Chanock, “Rotaviruses,” in Fields Virology, vol. 2, pp. 1657–1708, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. K. Estes, “Advances in molecular biology: impact on rotavirus vaccine development,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 174, supplement 1, pp. S37–S46, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Z. Kapikian, R. M. Chanock, and Y. Hoshino, “Rotaviruses,” in Fields Virology, pp. 1787–1822, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 4th edition, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  8. Y. Hoshino and A. Z. Kapikian, “Rotavirus serotypes: classification and importance in epidemiology, immunity, and vaccine development,” Journal of Health Population and Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 5–14, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. K. Estes, G. Kang, C. Q.-Y. Zeng, S. E. Crawford, and M. Ciarlet, “Pathogenesis of rotavirus gastroenteritis,” Novartis Foundation Symposium, vol. 238, pp. 82–100, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. I. Ayolabi, I. Akpan, D. A. Ojo, G. E. Armah, and R. Emelogwu, “Prevalence of rotavirus among children with diarrhoea in Lagos, Nigeria,” in Proceedings of the 4th UNILAG Conference and Fair, pp. 63–70, 2009.
  11. M. Aminu, M. D. Esona, A. Geyer, and A. D. Steele, “Epidemiology of rotavirus and astrovirus infections in children in Northwestern Nigeria,” Annals of African Medicine, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 168–174, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Audu, S. Aremu Omilabu, M. de Beer, I. Peenze, and A. Duncan Steele, “Diversity of human rotavirus VP6, VP7, and VP4 in Lagos State, Nigeria,” Journal of Health Population and Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 59–64, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. I. Adah, A. Rohwedder, O. D. Olaleye, O. A. Durojaiye, and H. Werchau, “Serotype of Nigerian rotavirus strains,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 363–370, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. D. Steele and J. J. Alexander, “Molecular epidemiology of rotavirus in black infants in South Africa,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 2384–2387, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. J. Herring, N. F. Inglis, C. K. Ojeh, D. R. Snodgrass, and J. D. Menzies, “Rapid diagnosis of rotavirus infection by direct detection of viral nucleic acid in silver-stained polyacrylamide gels,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 473–477, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. V. Gouvea, R. I. Glass, P. Woods et al., “Polymerase chain reaction amplification and typing of rotavirus nucleic acid from stool specimens,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 276–282, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I. Banerjee, S. Ramani, B. Primrose et al., “Modification of rotavirus multiplex RT-PCR for the detection of G12 strains based on characterization of emerging G12 rotavirus strains from South India,” Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 79, no. 9, pp. 1413–1421, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. O. Paul and E. A. Erinle, “Influence of humidity on rotavirus prevalence among Nigerian infants and young children with gastroenteritis,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 212–215, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. M. Avery, A. P. Shelton, G. M. Beards, O. O. Omotade, O. C. Oyejide, and D. O. Olaleye, “Viral agents associated with infantile gastroenteritis in Nigeria: relative prevalence of adenovirus serotypes 40 and 41, astrovirus, and rotavirus serotypes 1 to 4,” Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 105–108, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. I. Ogunsanya, V. O. Rotimi, and A. Adenuga, “A study of the aetiological agents of childhood diarrhoea in Lagos, Nigeria,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 10–14, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. E. Armah, E. K. Essel, R. H. Asmah, F. R. Anto, and F. N. Binka, “Detection of human group C rotavirus in Ghanaian children,” Ghana Medical Journal, vol. 34, pp. 3–8, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  22. L. N. Mutanda, S. N. Kinoti, W. Gemert, and E. O. Lichenga, “Age distribution and seasonal pattern of rotavirus infection in children in Kenya,” Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 147–150, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. Akoua-Koffi, V. Akran, I. Peenze et al., “Epidemiological and virological aspects Rotavirus diarrhoea in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire (1997–2000),” Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 246–249, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. T. Espejo, E. Calderon, and N. Gonzalez, “Presence of two distinct types of rotavirus in infants and young children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Mexico City, 1977,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 139, no. 4, pp. 474–477, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. H. Dimitrov, D. Y. Graham, and J. Lopez, “RNA electropherotypes of human rotaviruses from North and South America,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 321–329, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. D. Steele, M. C. van Niekerk, and M. J. Mphahlele, “Geographic distribution of human rotavirus VP4 genotypes and VP7 serotypes in five South African regions,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 1516–1519, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. K. Ojeh, D. J. Atti, and O. O. Omotade, “Comparison of the genome ds RNA of human rotavirus strains shed in parts of Ibadan, Nigeria,” African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 359–363, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Ayub, L. Unicomb, F. Bingnan, and A. Hossain, “Molecular heterogeneity of human group A rotavirus in rural Bangladesh as determined by electrophoresis of genomic ribonucleic acid,” Tropical Medicine, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 53–63, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. L. Ward, D. R. Knowlton, and P.-F. L. Hurst, “Reassortant formation and selection following coinfection of cultured cells with subgroup 2 human rotaviruses,” Journal of General Virology, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 149–162, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. Biryahwaho, F. Hundley, and U. Desselberger, “Bovine rotavirus with rearranged genome reassorts with human rotavirus. Brief report,” Archives of Virology, vol. 96, no. 3-4, pp. 257–264, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. I. Adah, A. Wade, and K. Taniguchi, “Molecular epidemiology of rotaviruses in Nigeria: detection of unusual strains with G2P[6] and G8P[1] specificities,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 3969–3975, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus