Table of Contents
ISRN Biomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 205601, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/205601
Research Article

Influence of Surface Treatments on the Bioactivity of Ti

1Applied Materials Science, Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, 75121 Uppsala, Sweden
2BIOMATCELL, VINN Excellence Center of Biomaterials and Cell Therapy, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 22 November 2012; Accepted 10 December 2012

Academic Editors: S.-J. Ding and M. Rouabhia

Copyright © 2012 Carl Lindahl et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Carlsson, T. Rostlund, B. Albrektsson, T. Albrektsson, and P. I. Brånemark, “Osseointegration of titanium implants,” Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 285–289, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. Kasemo, “Biocompatibility of titanium implants: surface science aspects,” The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 832–837, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Bardos, “Titanium and Titanium alloys,” in Encyclopedia of Medical and Dental Materials, D. William, Ed., pp. 360–365, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. Ellingsen and S. Lyngstadaas, Bioimplant Interface: Improving Biomaterials and Tissue Reactions, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2003.
  5. P. Layrolle, M. Stigter, and K. De Groot, “Biomimetic and electrolytic calcium phosphate coatings on titanium alloy: physicochemical characteristics and cell attachment,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 583–592, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. A. De Sena, M. C. De Andrade, A. M. Rossi, and G. A. De Soares, “Hydroxyapatite deposition by electrophoresis on titanium sheets with different surface finishing,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Wennerberg, T. Albrektsson, C. Johansson, and B. Andersson, “Experimental study of turned and grit-blasted screw-shaped implants with special emphasis on effects of blasting material and surface topography,” Biomaterials, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 15–22, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Uchida, H. M. Kim, T. Kokubo, S. Fujibayashi, and T. Nakamura, “Structural dependence of apatite formation on titania gels in a simulated body fluid,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 164–170, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X.-X. Wang, S. Hayakawa, K. Tsuru, and A. Osaka, “A comparative study of in vitro apatite deposition on heat-, H2O2-, and NaOH-treated titanium surfaces,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 172–178, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. T. Kokubo and H. Takadama, “How useful is SBF in predicting in vivo bone bioactivity?” Biomaterials, vol. 27, no. 15, pp. 2907–2915, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. Zhu, Y. Masuda, and K. Koumoto, “The effect of surface charge on hydroxyapatite nucleation,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 17, pp. 3915–3921, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Kokubo, F. Miyaji, H. M. Kim, and T. Nakamura, “Spontaneous formation of bonelike apatite layer on chemically treated titanium metals,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 1127–1129, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. K. Pattanayak, S. Yamaguchi, T. Matsushita, and T. Kokubo, “Nanostructured positively charged bioactive TiO2 layer formed on Ti metal by NaOH, acid and heat treatments,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1803–1812, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Kawanabe, K. Ise, K. Goto et al., “A new cementless total hip arthroplasty with bioactive titanium porous-coating by alkaline and heat treatment: average 4.8-year results,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research B, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 476–481, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. H. Nygren, P. Tengvall, and I. Lundstrom, “The initial reactions of TiO2 with blood,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 34, pp. 487–492, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  16. B. Wälivaara, A. Askendal, I. Lundström, and P. Tengvall, “Blood protein interactions with titanium surfaces,” Journal of Biomaterials Science, vol. 8, pp. 41–48, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  17. S. G. Steinemann, “Titanium—the material of choice?” Periodontology 2000, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 7–21, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. M Brunette, P. Tengvall, M. Textor, and P. Thomsen, Titanium in Medicine, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2001.
  19. R. Rohanizadeh, M. Al-Sadeq, and R. Z. LeGeros, “Preparation of different forms of titanium oxide on titanium surface: effects on apatite deposition,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 343–352, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. X. X. Wang, W. Yan, S. Hayakawa, K. Tsuru, and A. Osaka, “Apatite deposition on thermally and anodically oxidized titanium surfaces in a simulated body fluid,” Biomaterials, vol. 24, no. 25, pp. 4631–4637, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Uchida, H. M. Kim, T. Kokubo, S. Fujibayashi, and T. Nakamura, “Effect of water treatment on the apatite-forming ability of NaOH-treated titanium metal,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 522–530, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. X. X. Wang, S. Hayakawa, K. Tsuru, and A. Osaka, “Bioactive titania gel layers formed by chemical treatment of Ti substrate with a H2O2/HCl solution,” Biomaterials, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1353–1357, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Yang, M. Uchida, H. M. Kim, X. Zhang, and T. Kokubo, “Preparation of bioactive titanium metal via anodic oxidation treatment,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1003–1010, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. M. Wu, S. Hayakawa, K. Tsuru, and A. Osaka, “Low-temperature preparation of anatase and rutile layers on titanium substrates and their ability to induce in vitro apatite deposition,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1635–1642, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. H. Lee, I. S. Park, K. S. Min et al., “Evaluation of in vitro and in vivo tests for Surface-modified Titanium by H2so4 and H2O2 Treatment,” Metals and Materials International, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. X. Lu, Y. Wang, X. Yang et al., “Spectroscopic analysis of titanium surface functional groups under various surface modification and their behaviors in vitro and in vivo,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 523–534, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. F. Lindberg, J. Heinrichs, F. Ericson, P. Thomsen, and H. Engqvist, “Hydroxylapatite growth on single-crystal rutile substrates,” Biomaterials, vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 3317–3323, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Sugino, C. Ohtsuki, K. Tsuru et al., “Effect of spatial design and thermal oxidation on apatite formation on Ti-15Zr-4Ta-4Nb alloy,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 298–304, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. Y. J. Lee, D. Z. Cui, H. R. Jeon et al., “Surface characterisation of thermally treated titanium surfaces,” Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science, vol. 42, pp. 81–87, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. M. Schakenraad, H. J. Busscher, C. R. H. Wildevuur, and J. Arends, “The influence of substratum surface free energy on growth and spreading of human fibroblasts in the presence and absence of serum proteins,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 773–784, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. E. Schrader, “On adhesion of biological substances to low energy solid surfaces,” Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 296–297, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. C. Combe, B. A. Owen, and J. S. Hodges, “A protocol for determining the surface free energy of dental materials,” Dental Materials, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 262–268, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Lindgren, M. Åstrand, U. Wiklund, and H. Engqvist, “Investigation of boundary conditions for biomimetic HA deposition on titanium oxide surfaces,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 1401–1408, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y.-J. Lee, D.-Z. Cui, H.-R. Jeon, H.-J. Chung, and Y.-J. Kim, “Surface characteristics of thermally treated titanium surfaces,” Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 81–87, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. B. Feng, J. Y. Chen, S. K. Qi, L. He, J. Z. Zhao, and X. D. Zhang, “Characterization of surface oxide films on titanium and bioactivity,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 457–464, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. M. E. Schrader, “On adhesion of biological substances to low energy solid surfaces,” Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 296–297, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. M. Schakenraad, H. J. Busscher, C. R. H. Wildevuur, and J. Arends, “The influence of substratum surface free energy on growth and spreading of human fibroblasts in the presence and absence of serum proteins,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 773–784, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus