Table of Contents
ISRN Microbiology
Volume 2013, Article ID 213915, 8 pages
Research Article

Characteristics of Multidrug Resistant Shigella and Vibrio cholerae O1 Infections in Patients Treated at an Urban and a Rural Hospital in Bangladesh

1Centre for Nutrition and Food Security (CNFS), International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), 68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
2Office of Analytics and Outreach, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Received 6 October 2013; Accepted 10 November 2013

Academic Editors: R. R. Beumer and D. Rodriguez-Lazaro

Copyright © 2013 Sumon Kumar Das et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. K. Das, S. Ahmed, and F. Ferdous, “Changing emergence of Shigella sero-groups in Bangladesh: observation from four different diarrheal disease hospitals,” PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 4, Article ID e62029, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  2. F. Chowdhury, A. I. Khan, A. S. G. Faruque, and E. T. Ryan, “Severe, acute watery diarrhea in an adult,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 4, no. 11, article e898, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. L. Kotloff, J. P. Winickoff, B. Ivanoff et al., “Global burden of Shigella infections: implications for vaccine development and implementation of control strategies,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 77, no. 8, pp. 651–666, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Sur, T. Ramamurthy, J. Deen, and S. K. Bhattacharya, “Shigellosis: challenges & management issues,” Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol. 120, no. 5, pp. 454–462, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. P. Pazhani, S. K. Niyogi, A. K. Singh et al., “Molecular characterization of multidrug-resistant Shigella species isolated from epidemic and endemic cases of shigellosis in India,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 856–863, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. H. Dick, M. Guillerm, F. Moussy, and C. L. Chaignat, “Review of two decades of cholera diagnostics–how far have we really come?” PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 6, no. 10, Article ID e1845, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  7. F. C. Tenover, “Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 119, supplement 1, pp. S3–S10, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  8. K.-L. Thong, C. H. Hoe, Y. T. Koh, and R. M. Yasin, “Prevalence of multidrug-resistant Shigella isolated in Malaysia,” Journal of Health Population and Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 356–358, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. J. Stoll, R. I. Glass, M. I. Huq, M. U. Khan, J. E. Holt, and H. Banu, “Surveillance of patients attending a diarrhoeal disease hospital in Bangladesh,” British Medical Journal, vol. 285, no. 6349, pp. 1185–1188, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. K. Das, S. Ahmed, F. D. Ferdous et al., “Etiologic studies of patients visiting different diarrhoeal disease facilities in Bangladesh,” Journal of Infection in Developing Country. In press.
  11. S. Ashkenazi, M. May-Zahav, J. Sulkes, R. Zilberberg, and Z. Samra, “Increasing antimicrobial resistance of Shigella isolates in Israel during the period 1984 to 1992,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 819–823, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. A. Sack, C. Lyke, C. McLaughlin, and S. Voravit, “Antimicrobial resistance in shigellosis, cholera and campylobacteriosis,” Tech. Rep., World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. A. M. Lima, N. L. Lima, M. C. N. Pinho et al., “High frequency of strains multiply resistant to ampicillin, trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline isolated from patients with shigellosis in northeastern Brazil during the period 1988 to 1993,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 256–259, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. G. Sengupta, S. Mandal, D. Sen, P. Das, B. C. Deb, and S. C. Pal, “Multidrug resistant epidemic shigellosis in a village in west Bengal, 1984,” Indian Journal of Public Health, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 15–19, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. H. Spicknall, B. Foxman, C. F. Marrs, and J. N. Eisenberg, “A modeling framework for the evolution and spread of antibiotic resistance: literature review and model categorization,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 178, pp. 508–520, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. “Programme for control of diarrheal disease,” in Manual For Laboratory Investigation of Acute Enteric Infections, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1987.
  17. F. Qadri, A. I. Khan, A. S. G. Faruque et al., “Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae diarrhea, Bangladesh, 2004,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1104–1107, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI), “Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing; 20th Informational Supplement (June 2010, Update),” CLSI document M100-S20-U, CLSI, Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute, Fort Wayne, Ind, USA, 2010.
  19. M. E. Beatty, J. B. Ochieng, W. Chege et al., “Sporadic paediatric diarrhoeal illness in urban and rural sites in Nyanza Province, Kenya,” East African Medical Journal, vol. 86, no. 8, pp. 387–398, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Karmakar and M. M. Sattar, “Antibiotic prescribing pattern in Bangladesh,” Banglaesh Journal of Progressive Science & Technology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 13–16, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  21. L. von Seidlein, R. K. Deok, M. Ali et al., “A multicentre study of Shigella diarrhoea in six Asian countries: disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 3, no. 9, article e353, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. S. G. Faruque, K. Alam, M. A. Malek et al., “Emergence of multidrug-resistant strain of Vibrio cholerae OI in Bangladesh and reversal of their susceptibility to tetracycline after two years,” Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 241–243, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. F. Kadir, M. S. Bin Sayeed, and M. M. Mia, “Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Bangladesh for gastrointestinal disorders,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 147, no. 1, pp. 148–156, 2013. View at Google Scholar