Table of Contents
ISRN Chemical Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 268947, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/268947
Research Article

Recovery of Value-Added Products from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Sewage Sludge

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand

Received 3 May 2013; Accepted 5 June 2013

Academic Editors: D. Cazorla-Amoros, A. S. Chiang, and A. Ragauskas

Copyright © 2013 Pannarai Saetea and Nakorn Tippayawong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Krigstin and M. Sain, “Fractionation of dry recycled papermill sludge to higher value components,” Journal of Biobased Materials & Bioenergy, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 315–322, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  2. K. M. Smith, G. D. Fowler, S. Pullket, and N. J. D. Graham, “Sewage sludge-based adsorbents: a review of their production, properties and use in water treatment applications,” Water Research, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2569–2594, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Sevilla and A. B. Fuertes, “The production of carbon materials by hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose,” Carbon, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 2281–2289, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. M. Titirici and M. Antonietti, “Chemistry and materials options of sustainable carbon materials made by hydrothermal carbonization,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 39, pp. 103–116, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. A. Funke and F. Ziegler, “Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass: a summary and discussion of chemical mechanisms for process engineering,” Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 160–177, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. A. Ruiz, R. M. Rodriguez-Jasso, B. D. Fernandes, A. A. Vicente, and J. A. Teixeira, “Hydrothermal processing as an alternative for upgrading agriculture residues and marine biomass according to the biorefinery concept: a review,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 21, pp. 35–51, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  7. Q. Wang, H. Li, L. Chen, and X. Huang, “Monodispersed hard carbon spherules with uniform nanopores,” Carbon, vol. 39, no. 14, pp. 2211–2214, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. X. Cui, M. Antonietti, and S.-H. Yu, “Structural effects of iron oxide nanoparticles and iron ions on the hydrothermal carbonization of starch and rice carbohydrates,” Small, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 756–759, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M.-M. Titirici, A. Thomas, and M. Antonietti, “Back in the black: hydrothermal carbonization of plant material as an efficient chemical process to treat the CO2 problem?” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 787–789, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. M. Titirici, A. Thomas, S.-H. Yu, J.-O. Müller, and M. Antonietti, “A direct synthesis of mesoporous carbons with bicontinuous pore morphology from crude plant material by hydrothermal carbonization,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 19, no. 17, pp. 4205–4212, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Cao, Y. Sun, and G. Wang, “Direct carbon fuel cell: fundamentals and recent developments,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 167, no. 2, pp. 250–257, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Demir-Cakan, N. Baccile, M. Antonietti, and M.-M. Titirici, “Carboxylate-rich carbonaceous materials via one-step hydrothermal carbonization of glucose in the presence of acrylic acid,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 484–490, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. P. Paraknowitseh, A. Thomas, and M. Antonietti, “Carbon colloids prepared by hydrothermal carbonization as efficient fuel for indirect carbon fuel cells,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1170–1172, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Sevilla and A. B. Fuertes, “Chemical and structural properties of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of saccharides,” Chemistry, vol. 15, no. 16, pp. 4195–4203, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Hu, K. Wang, L. Wu, S.-H. Yu, M. Antonietti, and M.-M. Titirici, “Engineering carbon materials from the hydrothermal carbonization process of biomass,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 813–828, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. C. Rillig, M. Wagner, M. Salem et al., “Material derived from hydrothermal carbonization: effects on plant growth and arbuscular mycorrhiza,” Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 238–242, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Sevilla, A. B. Fuertes, and R. Mokaya, “High density hydrogen storage in superactivated carbons from hydrothermally carbonized renewable organic materials,” Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 1400–1410, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. A. Libra, K. S. Ro, C. Kammann et al., “Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis,” Biofuels, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 71–106, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. D. Berge, K. S. Ro, J. Mao, J. R. V. Flora, M. A. Chappell, and S. Bae, “Hydrothermal carbonization of municipal waste streams,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 45, no. 13, pp. 5696–5703, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I.-H. Hwang, H. Aoyama, T. Matsuto, T. Nakagishi, and T. Matsuo, “Recovery of solid fuel from municipal solid waste by hydrothermal treatment using subcritical water,” Waste Management, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 410–416, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Shanableh, “Production of useful organic matter from sludge using hydrothermal treatment,” Water Research, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 945–951, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Mumme, L. Eckervogt, J. Pielert, M. Diakité, F. Rupp, and J. Kern, “Hydrothermal carbonization of anaerobically digested maize silage,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 19, pp. 9255–9260, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Escala, T. Zumbuhl, Ch. Koller, R. Junge, and R. Krebs, “Hydrothermal carbonization as an energy efficient alternative to established drying technologies for sewage sludge: a feasibility study on a laboratory scale,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 27, pp. 454–460, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. M. Heilmann, H. T. Davis, L. R. Jader et al., “Hydrothermal carbonization of microalgae,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 875–882, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. M. Heilmann, L. R. Jader, M. J. Sadowsky, F. J. Schendel, M. G. von Keitz, and K. J. Valentas, “Hydrothermal carbonization of distiller's grains,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 2526–2533, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. X. Lu, B. Jordan, and N. D. Berge, “Thermal conversion of municipal solid waste via hydrothermal carbonization: comparison of carbonization products to products from current waste management techniques,” Waste Management, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1353–1365, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. K. Parshetti, S. K. Hoekman, and R. Balasubramanian, “Chemical, structural and combustion characteristics of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of palm empty fruit bunches,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 135, pp. 683–689, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar