Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2013, Article ID 279398, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/279398
Research Article

Electrochemical Response for Spherical and Rod Shaped WO3 Nanoparticles

Department of Ceramic Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela-769008, Orissa, India

Received 5 August 2013; Accepted 8 September 2013

Academic Editors: K. L. Bing, H. Maiwa, S. Marinel, and J. Sheen

Copyright © 2013 Sangeeta Adhikari and Debasish Sarkar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. X. Wang, J. Zhuang, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “A general strategy for nanocrystal synthesis,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7055, pp. 121–124, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Park, J. Joo, G. K. Soon, Y. Jang, and T. Hyeon, “Synthesis of monodisperse spherical nanocrystals,” Angewandte Chemie—International Edition, vol. 46, no. 25, pp. 4630–4660, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Zheng, J. Z. Ou, M. S. Strano, R. B. Kaner, A. Mitchell, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Nanostructured tungsten oxide—properties, synthesis, and applications,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 2175–2196, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Ma, J. Zhang, S. Wang et al., “Topochemical preparation of WO3 nanoplates through precursor H2WO4 and their gas-sensing performances,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 115, no. 37, pp. 18157–18163, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. X. Wei and P. K. Shen, “Electrochromics of single crystalline WO3·H2O nanorods,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 293–298, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Chemseddine, F. Babonneau, and J. Livage, “Anisotropic WO3·nH2O layers deposited from gels,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 271–278, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Judeinstein and J. Livage, “Electrochromic properties of sol-gel derived WO3 coatings,” in Sol-Gel Optics, vol. 1328 of Proceedings of SPIE, pp. 344–351, July 1990. View at Scopus
  8. G. Leftheriotis, S. Papaefthimiou, P. Yianoulis, A. Siokou, and D. Kefalas, “Structural and electrochemical properties of opaque sol-gel deposited WO3 layers,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 218, no. 1–4, pp. 275–280, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. K. Biswas, N. C. Pramanik, M. K. Mahapatra, D. Ganguli, and J. Livage, “Optical and electrochromic properties of sol-gel WO3 films on conducting glass,” Materials Letters, vol. 57, no. 28, pp. 4429–4432, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Z. Jiao, X. Wang, J. Wang et al., “Efficient synthesis of plate-like crystalline hydrated tungsten trioxide thin films with highly improved electrochromic performance,” Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 365–367, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, H. Liu et al., “Three-dimensional hierarchical structure of single crystalline tungsten oxide nanowires: construction, phase transition, and voltammetric behavior,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. 1746–1750, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Z. Gu, T. Zhai, B. Gao et al., “Controllable assembly of WO3 nanorods/nanowires into hierarchical nanostructures,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 110, no. 47, pp. 23829–23836, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Sarkar, “Synthesis and properties of BaTiO3 nanopowders,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 106–110, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. K. Kim, K. Shin, S. M. Cho, T.-W. Lee, and J. H. Park, “Synthesis of transparent mesoporous tungsten trioxide films with enhanced photoelectrochemical response: application to unassisted solar water splitting,” Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 1465–1470, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Yang, Y. Zhang, E. Drabarek, P. R. F. Barnes, and V. Luca, “Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity of sol-gel tungsten trioxide films through textural control,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 19, no. 23, pp. 5664–5672, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Bange, “Colouration of tungsten oxide films: a model for optically active coatings,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 1–131, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. A. Butler, “Photoelectrolysis and physical properties of the semiconducting electrode WO2,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1914–1920, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Regraguia, M. Addoua, A. Outzourhitc, E. E. Idrissia, A. Kachouanea, and A. Bougrinea, “Electrochromic effect in WO3 thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 341–350, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar