Table of Contents
ISRN Microbiology
Volume 2013, Article ID 283423, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/283423
Research Article

Screening of Fungi Isolated from Environmental Samples for Xylanase and Cellulase Production

Department of Microbiology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, PMB 2076, Yola 64001, Nigeria

Received 11 September 2013; Accepted 5 November 2013

Academic Editors: T. B. Karegoudar, T. Krishnan, R. E. Levin, and A. Netrusov

Copyright © 2013 Mohammed Inuwa Ja’afaru. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this work is to select filamentous fungal strains isolated from saw dust, soil, and decaying wood with the potential to produce xylanase and cellulase enzymes. A total of 110 fungi were isolated. Fifty-seven (57) of these fungi were isolated from soil samples, 32 from sawdust, and 19 from decaying wood. Trichoderma and Aspergillus had the highest relative occurrence of 42.6% and 40.8%, respectively. Trichoderma viride Fd18 showed the highest specific activity of 1.30 U mg−1 protein for xylanase, while the highest cellulase activity of 1.23 U mg−1 was shown by Trichoderma sp. F4. The isolated fungi demonstrated potential for synthesizing the hydrolytic enzymes.